Fessenden, William Pitt

born Oct. 16, 1806, Boscawen, N.H., U.S.
died Sept. 8, 1869, Portland, Maine

U.S. politician.

He practiced law in Maine before serving in the U.S. House of Representatives (1841–43) and Senate (1854–64, 1865–69). Originally a Whig, he opposed the extension of slavery to the territories, and he was one of the leaders of the movement that resulted in the formation of the Republican Party (1854). Despite his personal dislike for Pres. Andrew Johnson, he voted for acquittal in Johnson's Senate impeachment trial.

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▪ American politician

born Oct. 16, 1806, Boscawen, N.H., U.S.
died Sept. 8, 1869, Portland, Maine
 American Whig politician who was influential in founding the Republican Party in 1854.

      Fessenden graduated from Bowdoin College in Brunswick, Maine, in 1823 and began studying law. He was admitted to the bar in 1827 and served the Portland area (as a Whig) in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1841 to 1843. Disliking congressional life, he left the capital in 1843, determined never to return. The intensifying conflict over slavery, however, eventually caused him to abandon his earlier resolve, and in 1854 Fessenden moved back to Washington, representing Maine in the Senate, a position he held until his death (save for a few months as a member of Lincoln's cabinet). Fessenden was part of a small group of Northern senators who opposed the extension of slavery into the territories, and he was one of the leaders of the movement that resulted in the formation of the Republican Party. During the Civil War (1861–65), he was chairman of the Senate Finance Committee. On the resignation of Secretary of the Treasury Salmon P. Chase in 1864, Fessenden was appointed to the Treasury post, where he served for eight months.

      Returning to the Senate in March 1865, Fessenden chaired the Joint Committee on Reconstruction, and, although he took issue with some of the more extreme proposals of the Radical Republicans, he was the main author of the committee's report of 1866. In 1868 the House of Representatives brought charges of impeachment against President Andrew Johnson (Johnson, Andrew), and, even though Fessenden disliked the president, he opposed the proceedings. He was among seven Republicans whose votes for Johnson's acquittal provided a narrow margin of victory for the president. Thereafter, Fessenden was alienated from his fellow Republicans and the party he had done so much to form.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fessenden, William Pitt — (16 oct. 1806, Boscawen, N.H., EE.UU.–8 sep. 1869, Portland, Me.). Político estadounidense. Ejerció como abogado en Maine antes de desempeñarse en la Cámara de Representantes (1841–43) y en el Senado de EE.UU. (1854–64, 1865–69). Se inició en… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • William P. Fessenden — William Pitt Fessenden (* 16. Oktober 1806 in Boscawen, Merrimack County, New Hampshire; † 8. September 1869 in Portland, Maine) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pitt — Pitt, William Pitt, William * * * (as used in expressions) Fessenden, William Pitt Pitt, William, el Joven Pitt, William, el Viejo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • William — /wil yeuhm/, n. 1. a word formerly used in communications to represent the letter W. 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning will and helmet. * * * (as used in expressions) Huddie William Ledbetter Aberhart William George William… …   Universalium

  • Pitt — /pit/, n. 1. William, 1st Earl of Chatham, 1708 78, British statesman. 2. his son William, 1759 1806, British statesman: prime minister 1783 1801, 1804 06. * * * (as used in expressions) Fessenden William Pitt Pitt William the Elder Pitt William… …   Universalium

  • William — (as used in expressions) William Alexander Abbott Aberhart, William George William Russell Amis, Sir Kingsley (William) Ashley, William Henry Ashton, Sir Frederick (William Mallandaine) Barkley, Alben W(illiam) Bartram, William William Allen… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • William Willis (mayor) — William Willis (1794–1870) [ [http://www.portlandlibrary.com/locations/portlandroom.htm The Portland Room] ] was a Portland, Maine lawyer, historian, and politician, and was the partner of William Pitt Fessenden. He was state senator in 1855 and… …   Wikipedia

  • William P. Fessenden — Infobox US Cabinet official name=William P. Fessenden order=26th title=United States Secretary of the Treasury term start=July 5, 1864 term end=March 3, 1865 predecessor=Salmon P. Chase successor=Hugh McCulloch jr/sr2=United States Senator state2 …   Wikipedia

  • Fessenden — biographical name William Pitt 1806 1869 American politician; secretary of the treasury (1864 65) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Fessenden — /fes euhn deuhn/, n. William Pitt, 1806 69, U.S. statesman. * * * …   Universalium

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