Evagoras

died 374 BC

King of Salamis, Cyprus (с 410–374).

He pursued a policy of friendship with Athens and the promotion of Hellenism. He secured Persian aid for Athens against Sparta. With help from Athens and Egypt, he extended his rule over most of Cyprus and part of Anatolia. Relations with Persia later became hostile, and he was defeated by Persia in 381. Though he remained king of Salamis in name, he was in fact a vassal of Persia. He was assassinated by a eunuch.

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▪ king of Salamis
died 374 BC

      king of Salamis, in Cyprus, c. 410–374 BC, whose policy was one of friendship with Athens and the promotion of Hellenism in Cyprus; he eventually fell under Persian domination.

      Most of what is known of him is found in the panegyric “Evagoras” by Isocrates, where he is described, with extravagant praise, as a model ruler whose aim was to promote the welfare of his state by cultivation of Greek refinement and civilization. Evagoras' services to Athens were recognized by the gift of Athenian citizenship. For a time he also maintained friendly relations with Achaemenian Persia, securing Persian support for Athens in the early years of the Corinthian War (395–387) against Sparta. He participated, along with the Persian fleet, in the naval victory over Sparta off Cnidus (394), but from 391 Evagoras and the Persians were virtually at war. Aided by the Athenians and the Egyptians, Evagoras extended his rule over the greater part of Cyprus and to several cities of Anatolia. When Athens withdrew its support after the peace of Antalcides (386), Evagoras' troops fought without allies until they were crushed at Citium (Larnaca, Cyprus) in 381. He fled to Salamis, where he managed to conclude a peace that allowed him to remain nominally king of Salamis, though in reality he was a vassal of the Achaemenian king. He was assassinated by a eunuch.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Evagoras — (in Greek: Εὐαγόρας) was the king of Salamis (410 374 BC) in Cyprus. The son of Nicocles, a previous king of Salamis, he claimed descent from Teucer, the son of Telamon and half brother of Ajax, and his family had long been rulers of Salamis,… …   Wikipedia

  • Evagoras I — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Evagoras (o Euagoras) fue rey de Salamina de Chipre (410–374 a. C.), una helénica y floreciente ciudad comercial de la costa este de la isla. Hijo de Nicocles, rey precedente de Salamina, se proclamó… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Evagoras — Évagoras Évagoras (ou Euagoras) était le roi de Salamine de Chypre (410–374 av. J. C.), une hellénique et florissante ville commerciale de la côte est. Fils de Nikokleos, roi précédent de Salamine, il se réclamait descendant divin de Teucros,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Évagoras — (ou Euagoras) était le roi de Salamine de Chypre (410–374 av. J. C.), une hellénique et florissante ville commerciale de la côte est. Fils de Nikokleos, roi précédent de Salamine, il se réclamait descendant divin de Teucros, demi frère de Ajax… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • EVAGORAS — Salaminius, Rex Cypriorum, ad quem lsoerates scripsit. Excidit regno Salaminis, Protagorâ illud obtinente, sed cum in eo recuperato inique se gerere ad Artaxerxem Ochum deferretur; iterum reiectus aliam praefecturam, et amliorem, post defensionem …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Evagŏras — Evagŏras, s. Euagoras …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Evagŏras — Evagŏras, s. Euagoras …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Evagoras — EVAGŎRAS, æ, Gr. Ἐυαγόρας, ου, (⇒ Tab. XXV.) einer von des Neleus Söhnen, welche Herkules hinrichtete. Apollod. lib. I. c. 9. §. 9 …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Evagoras [1] — EVAGŎRAS, æ, (⇒ Tab. XXXI.) einer von den vielen Söhnen des Priamus. Hygin. Fab. 90 …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Evagoras — Euagoras, in anderer Schreibweise Evagoras, bezeichnet Könige des antiken Stadtstaates Salamis auf Zypern: Euagoras I. Euagoras II. einen der mehr als 50 mythischen Söhne des Trojanischen Königs Priamos eine frühere türkischsprachige… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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