Euphrates River

Turkish Fırat Nehri Arabic Al-Furāt

River, Middle East.

The largest river in Southwest Asia, it rises in Turkey and flows southeast across Syria and through Iraq. Formed by the confluence of the Kara and the Murat in the high Armenian plateau, the Euphrates descends between major ranges of the Taurus Mountains and drops nearly 1,000 ft (300 m) to the Syrian plateau. It then flows through western and central Iraq to unite with the Tigris and continues, as Shatt al-Arab, to the Persian Gulf. In all, it is 2,235 mi (3,596 km) long. Its valley was heavily irrigated in ancient times, and many great cities, some of whose ruins remain, lined its banks. With the Tigris, it defines an area known historically as Mesopotamia.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Euphrates River —    The Middle Euphrates river was a heavily fortified eastern frontier that bordered Sassanid Persia (qq.v.) until the Arab conquest of Byzantine Mesopotamia (q.v.) in 640. The Upper Euphrates, from the seventh through the ninth centuries, was a… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Euphrates River — noun a river in southwestern Asia; flows into the Persian Gulf; was important in the development of several great civilizations in ancient Mesopotamia • Syn: ↑Euphrates • Instance Hypernyms: ↑river • Part Holonyms: ↑Turkey, ↑Republic of Turkey, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • List of cities and towns on the Euphrates River — This article provides a detailed list of the cities and towns along the Euphrates River in order of country. Other landmarks along the way are provided for context. The river is approximately 2,781 kilometers (1,730 miles) long, For more… …   Wikipedia

  • Tigris–Euphrates river system — Tigris Euphrates river system Marsh Arabs poling a mashoof in the marshes of southern Iraq Ecology Ecozone …   Wikipedia

  • Tigris-Euphrates river system — infobox ecoregion name = Tigris Euphrates river system ecozone = Palearctic biome = Flooded grasslands and savannas climate = subtropical, hot and arid surface = 35 600 km² conservation = critical/endangered seas = none rivers = Tigris, Euphrates …   Wikipedia

  • Tigris-Euphrates river system — ▪ river system, Asia Introduction  great river system of Southwest Asia, comprising the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, which have their sources within 50 miles (80 km) of each other in eastern Turkey and travel southeast through northern Syria and… …   Universalium

  • Pitru- (aka Pethor) Ancient village near Euphrates River — Ancient village off the Sajur river (+36° 39 16.62 , +38° 4 7.96 ), a western tributary of the Euphrates, aproximately 12.5 miles south of ancient Carchemish. Thought to be the Pethor mentioned in Numbers 22 as the home of Balaam the non… …   Wikipedia

  • EUPHRATES — (Heb. פְּרָת; Dead Sea Scrolls Pwrt; from Akk. Purattu and Sumerian Buranun), the longest river (c. 1,700 mi., 2,700 km.) in Western Asia. In texts from the third millennium B.C.E. from Mari the river occurs as a deity. From its sources in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Euphrates — prop. n. an Asia river flowing into the Persian Gulf. Syn: Euphrates River. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Euphrates — For the song River Euphrates by the Pixies, see Surfer Rosa. Coordinates: 31°0′18″N 47°26′31″E / 31.005°N 47.44194°E / 31 …   Wikipedia

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