Essex, Robert Devereux, 2nd earl of

born Nov. 10, 1567, Netherwood, Herefordshire, Eng.
died Feb. 25, 1601, London

English soldier and courtier.

He was the son of the 1st earl of Essex. As a young man, he became the aging Elizabeth I's favorite, though their relationship was stormy. In 1591–92 he commanded the English force in France that helped Henry IV fight the French Roman Catholics, and in 1596 he commanded forces in the sack of Cádiz. In 1599 Elizabeth sent him to Ireland as lord lieutenant, where he fought an unsuccessful campaign against Irish rebels and concluded an unfavorable truce, leading Elizabeth to deprive him of his offices in 1600. In 1601 he made an unsuccessful attempt to raise the populace of London in revolt against Elizabeth; he was captured, tried by his former mentor Francis Bacon, and beheaded.

Robert Devereux, 2nd earl of Essex, detail of a painting after Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger, late ...

Courtesy of The National Portrait Gallery, London

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Essex, Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl Of — (1567 1601)    Born at Netherwood, Herefordshire, the son of the first Earl of Essex, he inherited the title in 1576 under the guardianship of Lord Burghley. He had some education at Trinity College, Cambridge, but there is nothing outstanding… …   British and Irish poets

  • Essex, Robert Devereux, 2nd earl of, Viscount Hereford, Lord Ferrers, Lord Bourchier — ▪ English soldier and courtier born Nov. 10, 1567, Netherwood, Herefordshire, Eng. died Feb. 25, 1601, London  English soldier and courtier famous for his relationship with Queen Elizabeth I (reigned 1558–1603). While still a young man, Essex… …   Universalium

  • Essex, Robert Devereux, 3rd earl of — born 1591, London, Eng. died Sept. 14, 1646, London English military commander. Son of the 2nd earl of Essex, he began his military career in 1620 and commanded forces for Charles I until the Long Parliament deposed Charles s ministers (1640). As …   Universalium

  • Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex — (10 November 1566 ndash; 25 February 1601), a favourite of Queen Elizabeth I of England, is the best known of the many holders of the title Earl of Essex. He was a military hero and royal favourite, but following a poor campaign against Irish… …   Wikipedia

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