Erigena, John Scotus
Latin Johannes Scotus Eriugenaborn 1810, Irelanddied с 877Irish-born theologian, translator, and commentator.In his philosophical system, which came to be known as Scotism, he attempted to integrate Greek and Neoplatonist philosophy with Christian belief in such works as On Predestination (851), which was condemned by church authorities. On the Division of Nature (862–66) tries to reconcile Neoplatonism with the Christian doctrine of creation; for its pantheistic implications, it too was condemned. His Latin translations of major works of Greek patristic literature made them accessible to Western thinkers. Remembered for the nonconformity of his thought, he is said to have been stabbed to death by his students with their pens for attempting to make them think.
* * *▪ Irish philosopheralso called Johannes Scotus Eriugenaborn 810, Irelanddied c. 877theologian, translator, and commentator on several earlier authors in works centring on the integration of Greek and Neoplatonist philosophy with Christian belief.From about 845, Erigena lived at the court of the West Frankish king Charles II the Bald, near Laon (now in France), first as a teacher of grammar and dialectics. He participated in theological disputes over the Eucharist and predestination and set forth his position on the latter in De predestinatione (851; “On Predestination”), a work condemned by church authorities. Erigena's translations of the works of Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite, St. Maximus the Confessor, St. Gregory of Nyssa, and St. Epiphanius, commissioned by Charles, made those Greek patristic writings accessible to Western thinkers.Erigena's familiarity with dialectics and with the ideas of his theological predecessors was reflected in his principal work, De divisione naturae (862–866; “On the Division of Nature”), an attempt to reconcile the Neoplatonist doctrine of emanation with the Christian tenet of creation. The work classifies nature into (1) that which creates and is not created; (2) that which creates and is created; (3) that which does not create and is created; and (4) that which does not create and is not created. The first and the fourth are God as beginning and end; the second and third are the dual mode of existence of created beings (the intelligible and the sensible). The return of all creatures to God begins with release from sin, physical death, and entry into the life hereafter. Man, for Erigena, is a microcosm of the universe because he has senses to perceive the world, reason to examine the intelligible natures and causes of things, and intellect to contemplate God. Through sin man's animal nature has predominated, but through redemption man becomes reunited with God.Though highly influential upon Erigena's successors, notably the Western mystics and the 13th-century Scholastics, De divisione naturae eventually suffered condemnation by the church because of its pantheistic implications. The works of Erigena are in J.-P. Migne's Patrologia Latina, Vol. 122.
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Erigena,John Scotus — E·rig·e·na (ĭ rĭjʹə nə, rēʹjə ) or Er·iu·ge·na (ĕr yo͞oʹjə ), John Scotus. 810? 877?. Irish born theologian and philosopher who sought to reconcile Neo Platonism and Christian belief in his principal work, On the Division of Nature (862 866). * * … Universalium
Erigena, John Scotus — (c. 810–c. 77) Theologian. Erigena was born in Ireland, and, under the patronage of Charles the Bald of France, he participated in the European doctrinal debates of the time. He is remembered for his translations of the works of Pseudo… … Who’s Who in Christianity
John Scotus Eriugena — John Scotus Eriugena † Catholic Encyclopedia ► John Scotus Eriugena An Irish teacher, theologian, philosopher, and poet, who lived in the ninth century. NAME Eriugena s contemporaries invariably refer to him as Joannes Scottus … Catholic encyclopedia
Erigena, or Scotus, John — (fl. 850) Philosopher, b. in Scotland or Ireland, was employed at the Court of Charles the Bald, King of France. He was a pantheistic mystic, and made translations from the Alexandrian philosophers. He was bold in the exposition of his… … Short biographical dictionary of English literature
Eriugena, John Scotus — • Article by William Turner recounts this scholar s life and influence, and evaluates his teachings Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Eriugena, John Scotus … Catholic encyclopedia
Scotus — /skoh teuhs/, n. John Duns. See Duns Scotus, John. * * * (as used in expressions) Duns Scotus John Erigena John Scotus Johannes Scotus Eriugena * * * … Universalium
john — /jon/, n. Slang. 1. a toilet or bathroom. 2. (sometimes cap.) a fellow; guy. 3. (sometimes cap.) a prostitute s customer. [generic use of the proper name] * * * I known as John Lackland born Dec. 24, 1167, Oxford, Eng. died Oct. 18/19, 1216,… … Universalium
John — /jon/, n. 1. the apostle John, believed to be the author of the fourth Gospel, three Epistles, and the book of Revelation. 2. See John the Baptist. 3. (John Lackland) 1167? 1216, king of England 1199 1216; signer of the Magna Carta 1215 (son of… … Universalium
John Scottus Erigena — (fl. 845 879) The most original and perhaps greatest of all Carolingian Renaissance scholars, John Scotus Erigena was a highly controversial thinker whose influence lasted long after his death and whose thought aroused opposition into the… … Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe
Erigena — biographical name John Scotus circa 810 circa 877 Scottish (Irish born) philosopher & theologian … New Collegiate Dictionary