Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)

Proposed but unratified amendment to the U.S. Constitution designed mainly to invalidate many state and federal laws that discriminated against women.

Its central tenet was that sex should not be a determining factor in establishing the legal rights of individuals. It was first introduced in Congress in 1923, shortly after women obtained the right to vote. It was finally approved by the U.S. Senate 49 years later (1972) but was subsequently ratified by only 30 of the 50 state legislatures. Critics claimed it would cause women to lose privileges and protections, such as exemption from compulsory military service and economic support by their husbands. Supporters, led by the National Organization for Women, argued that discriminatory state and federal laws left many women in a state of economic dependency.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Equal Rights Amendment — The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) is a failed proposed amendment to the United States Constitution intended to guarantee equal rights under the law for Americans regardless of sex, which failed to gain ratification before the end of the deadline.… …   Wikipedia

  • Equal Rights Amendment — L Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) est une proposition d amendement de la Constitution des États Unis, déposé dans les années 1920, qui visait à garantir que l égalité des droits entre les sexes ne pouvait être remise en cause par aucune législation… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Equal Rights Amendment — n. a proposed amendment to the U.S. Constitution stating that civil rights may not be denied to a resident of the U.S. on account of sex * * * (abbr the ERA) a proposal for an amendment to the US Constitution which would give women equal rights… …   Universalium

  • Equal Rights Amendment — n. An amendment to the Constitution that was proposed but never ratified that would have prevented the states or nation from denying people equality based on sex. abbrv. ERA The Essential Law Dictionary. Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of… …   Law dictionary

  • equal rights amendment — ˌequal ˈrights aˌmendment abbreviation ERA noun [singular] a suggested change to US law, which was intended to give women the same legal rights as men. It was agreed by Congress, but not enough states agreed in time for it to become law * * *… …   Financial and business terms

  • Equal Rights Amendment — Equal Rights Amendment, a proposed amendment to the United States Constitution providing for equal rights of both sexes: »The Equal Rights Amendment…cannot go into effect until 38 states have ratified it (Milton Greenberg). Abbr.: ERA (no… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Equal Rights Amendment — Equal Rights A|mend|ment, the the full name of the ↑era …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Equal Rights Amendment — proposal for an amendment to the U.S. Constitution that would make gender discrimination unconstitutional (as opposed to merely illegal as it is today), ERA …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Equal Rights Amendment. — See ERA (def. 3). * * * …   Universalium

  • Equal Rights Amendment. — See ERA (def. 3) …   Useful english dictionary

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