Embargo Act

Legislation by the U.S. Congress in December 1807 that closed U.S. ports to all exports and restricted imports from Britain.

The act was Pres. Thomas Jefferson's response to British and French interference with neutral U.S. merchant ships during the Napoleonic Wars. The embargo had little effect in Europe, but it imposed an unpopular restriction on New England merchants and exporters (see Hartford Convention). Legislation passed in 1809 lifted the embargo, but continued British interference with U.S. shipping led to the War of 1812.

* * *

United States [1807]
      (1807), Pres. Thomas Jefferson's nonviolent resistance to British and French molestation of U.S. merchant ships carrying, or suspected of carrying, war materials and other cargoes to the European belligerents. At Jefferson's request the two houses of Congress considered and passed the act quickly in December 1807. All U.S. ports were closed to export shipping in either U.S. or foreign vessels, and restrictions were placed on imports from Great Britain. The act was a hardship on U.S. farmers as well as on New England and New York mercantile and maritime interests, especially after being buttressed by harsh enforcement measures adopted in 1808. Its effects in Europe were not what Jefferson had hoped. French and British dealers in U.S. cotton, for example, were able to raise prices at will while the stock already on hand lasted; the embargo would have had to endure until these inventories were exhausted. Napoleon is said to have justified seizure of U.S. merchant ships on the ground that he was assisting Jefferson in enforcing the act. The Federalist leader Timothy Pickering even alleged that Napoleon himself had inspired the embargo. Confronted by bitter and articulate opposition, Jefferson on March 1, 1809 (two days before the end of his second term), signed the Non-Intercourse Act, permitting U.S. trade with nations other than France and Great Britain.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • embargo act — A legislative measure enacted by Congress in 1807 at the behest of President Thomas Jefferson that banned trade between U.S. ports and foreign nations. Dictionary from West s Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005. embargo act …   Law dictionary

  • Embargo Act — US Präsident von 1801–1809: Thomas Jefferson Das Jefferson Handelsembargo von 1806 bis 1810 umfasste eine Vielzahl von Gesetzen zur Beschränkung des Handels zwischen den Vereinigten Staaten und der restlichen Welt. Der damalige amerikanische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Embargo Act — Lois sur l embargo Caricature contre l Embargo Act de 1807 Les lois sur l embargo (Embargo Act en anglais) sont une série de lois américaine adoptées par le congrès des États Unis en 1807 pour que les États Unis restent neutres dans les guerres… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Embargo Act of 1807 — Origins of the War of 1812 Chesapeake–Leopard Affair Orders in Council (1807) Embargo Act of 1807 Non Intercourse Act (1809) Macon s Bill Number 2 Tecumseh s War …   Wikipedia

  • Embargo — In international commerce and politics, an embargo is the prohibition of commerce (division of trade) and trade with a certain country, in order to isolate it and to put its government into a difficult internal situation, given that the effects… …   Wikipedia

  • Embargo — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Embargo (homonymie). Un embargo (de l espagnol embargar qui signifie « embarrasser », « placer sous séquestre »[1] ) est un terme qui peut être employé pour désigner plusieurs situations  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • act — /akt/, n. 1. anything done, being done, or to be done; deed; performance: a heroic act. 2. the process of doing: caught in the act. 3. a formal decision, law, or the like, by a legislature, ruler, court, or other authority; decree or edict;… …   Universalium

  • ACT — 1. American College Test. 2. Association of Classroom Teachers. 3. Australian Capital Territory. * * * (as used in expressions) sacramental act Ballot Act British North America Act Canada Act Constitution Act Civil Rights Act of 1964… …   Universalium

  • embargo — EMBARGÓ, embargouri, s.n. 1. Interzicere de către un stat a exportului sau importului de mărfuri într o sau dintr o ţară, ca sancţiune pentru încălcarea unor reguli sau principii de drept internaţional sau ca mijloc de presiune politică. 2.… …   Dicționar Român

  • Embargo Des États-Unis Contre Cuba — Embargo des États Unis sur Cuba L embargo des États Unis contre Cuba (décrit à Cuba par le terme espagnol el bloqueo qui signifie « le blocus ») est un embargo économique, commercial et financier à l égard de Cuba par les États Unis mis …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.