Elbrus, Mount

Peak, Caucasus Mountains, southwestern Russia.

The highest peak in the Caucasus and in Europe, it is an extinct volcano with twin cones reaching 18,510 ft (5,642 m) and 18,356 ft (5,595 m) high. There are many mineral springs along its descending streams, while 53 sq mi (138 sq km) of Elbrus is covered by 22 glaciers. It is a major centre for mountaineering and tourism.

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Russian  Gora Elbrus,  
  highest peak of the Caucasus mountains, southwestern Russia. It is an extinct volcano with twin cones reaching 18,510 feet (5,642 m) and 18,356 feet (5,595 m). The volcano was formed during the Upper Tertiary Period, more than 2,500,000 years ago. Sulfurous gases are still emitted on its eastern slopes, and there are many mineral springs along its descending streams. A total area of 53 square miles (138 square km) of Elbrus is covered by 22 glaciers, which feed the Kuban River and some of the headwaters of the Terek. Elbrus is a major centre for mountaineering and tourism in the Caucasus region. In 1964 an extensive tourist and mountaineering base was opened, with large-scale sporting facilities.

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Universalium. 2010.

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