Eisner, Kurt

born May 14, 1867, Berlin, Prussia
died Feb. 21, 1919, Munich, Ger.

German journalist and politician.

From 1898 he was editor of Vorwärts, the official Social Democratic Party newspaper. He joined the Independent Social Democratic Party in 1917, later becoming its leader. In November 1918 he organized a Socialist revolution that overthrew the monarchy in Bavaria, and he became first prime minister and minister of foreign affairs of the new Bavarian republic. In February 1919 he was assassinated by a reactionary zealot.

* * *

▪ German journalist and statesman
born May 14, 1867, Berlin [Germany]
died February 21, 1919, Munich

      German socialist journalist and statesman who organized the Socialist Revolution that overthrew the monarchy in Bavaria (1918).

      Eisner studied literature and neo-Kantian philosophy with Hermann Cohen (Cohen, Hermann) at the University of Marburg. In 1892 he published Friedrich Nietzsche und die Apostel der Zukunft (“Friedrich Nietzsche and the Apostle of the Future”). He began his journalism career by working on the Frankfurter Zeitung (1892–93); later he wrote for several Berlin journals and from 1898 was editor of Vorwärts, the official paper of the Social Democratic Party (Social Democratic Party of Germany). After Eisner became a Bavarian citizen, he worked as a freelance writer in Munich.

      In 1914 he opposed German aid to Austria-Hungary against Serbia. During the early stages of World War I, however, Eisner supported the government; but in 1917, influenced by pacifist principles, he joined the Independent Social Democratic Party (USPD) of which he later became a leader. Eisner was arrested in 1918 as a strike leader but was shortly released and resumed his leadership of the USPD. In November 1918 he successfully organized a revolution that overthrew the monarchy, proclaimed the Bavarian Republic, and demanded peace. Eisner became first prime minister and minister of foreign affairs of the new republic. He strove to bring about internal security, to reconcile and unite the various socialist parties in Bavaria, and to effect economic and social reform. In February 1919 he was assassinated by a zealous reactionary student.

      Eisner's collected works were published in two volumes in 1919.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • EISNER, KURT — (1867–1919), German socialist leader, who was founder and first prime minister of the Bavarian Republic. Born in Berlin, Eisner became a journalist. He was a contributor to the Frankfurter Zeitung from 1891 to 1893, and from 1893 to 1897 to the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Eisner, Kurt — (1867 1919)    politician; Bavaria s* first postwar Prime Min ister. Born to a middle class Jewish family in Berlin,* he studied philosophy and German literature, but forswore a doctorate for financial reasons. Turning to journalism, he worked in …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Eisner, Kurt — (1867–1919)    Bavarian Socialist premier. A brilliant newspaper editor and essayist, Eisner became one of the leaders of the Bavarian social democratic party, but broke with it at the beginning of World War I because of his anti war convictions …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Eisner, Kurt — (1867 1919)    German journalist and statesman. His father was a merchant in Berlin. He became a journalist and published a book about Nietzsche. In 1892 he went to Marburg where he studied with Hermann Cohen, and later became the editor of the… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Eisner, Kurt — ► (1867 1919) Político y escritor socialista alemán, de origen judío. En 1918 acaudilló la revolución de Munich que derrocó la monarquía. * * * (14 may. 1867, Berlín, Prusia–21 feb. 1919, Munich, Alemania). Periodista y político alemán. Desde… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Eisner — Eisner, Kurt …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kurt Eisner — Kurt Eisner, nach einem Foto von Robert Sennecke bearbeitete Postkarte nach Eisners Tod 1919 Kurt Eisner (* 14. Mai 1867 in Berlin; † 21. Februar 1919 in München) war ein sozialistischer deutscher Politiker (zunächst Mitglied der SPD, ab 1917 der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kurt Eisner — K. Eisner en 1919. Nationalité Allemand, puis « Bavarois » Naissance 14 mai 1867 Berlin …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kurt Eisner — en 1919. Ministro presidente de Baviera Primero del Estado Libre de Baviera 1918 – 1919 Predecesor …   Wikipedia Español

  • EISNER (K.) — EISNER KURT (1867 1919) Homme politique et journaliste allemand. Kurt Eisner entre au journal Vorwärts en 1898. Mais il est exclu de l’organe central du Parti social démocrate à cause de ses tendances «révisionnistes» (1905). Publiciste et… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.