Eastman, George

born July 12, 1854, Waterville, N.Y., U.S.
died March 14, 1932, Rochester, N.Y.

U.S. inventor and manufacturer.

Eastman in 1880 perfected a process for making dry plates for photography. In 1889 he introduced transparent film, and in 1892 he reorganized his Rochester company as the Eastman Kodak Co. The introduction of the first Kodak (a coined word that became a trademark) camera helped promote large-scale amateur photography. By 1927 Eastman Kodak had a virtual monopoly of the U.S. photographic industry, and it has remained one of the largest American companies in its field. Eastman's generous bequests to the University of Rochester were acknowledged in the naming of the Eastman School of Music.

* * *

▪ American inventor, entrepreneur, and manufacturer
born July 12, 1854, Waterville, New York, U.S.
died March 14, 1932, Rochester, New York
 American entrepreneur and inventor whose introduction of the first Kodak camera helped to promote amateur photography (photography, history of) on a large scale.

      After his education in the public schools of Rochester, New York, Eastman worked briefly for an insurance company and a bank. In 1880 he perfected a process of making dry plates (dry plate) for photography and organized the Eastman Dry Plate and Film Company for their manufacture. The first Kodak (a name he coined) camera was placed on the market in 1888. It was a simple, hand-held box camera containing a 100-exposure roll of film that used paper negatives. Consumers sent the entire camera back to the manufacturer for developing, printing, and reloading when the film was used up: the company's slogan was “You press the button, we do the rest.” In 1889 Eastman introduced roll film on a transparent base, which has remained the standard for film. In 1892 he reorganized the business as the Eastman Kodak Company. Eight years later he introduced the Brownie camera, which was intended for use by children and sold for one dollar. By 1927 Eastman Kodak had a virtual monopoly of the photographic industry in the United States, and it has continued to be one of the largest American companies in its field.

      Eastman gave away half his fortune in 1924. His gifts, which totaled more than $75,000,000, went to such beneficiaries as the University of Rochester (of which the Eastman School of Music is a part) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Boston. He was also one of the first owners to introduce profit sharing as an employee incentive. Eastman took his own life at age 77, leaving a note that said, “My work is done. Why wait?” His home in Rochester, now known as George Eastman House, has become a renowned archive and museum of international photography as well as a popular tourist site.

Additional Reading
Douglas Collins, The Story of Kodak (1990); Elizabeth Brayer, George Eastman: A Biography (1996).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Eastman, George — SUBJECT AREA: Photography, film and optics [br] b. 12 July 1854 Waterville, New York, USA d. 14 March 1932 Rochester, New York, USA [br] American industrialist and pioneer of popular photography. [br] The young Eastman was a clerk bookkeeper in… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Eastman, George — ► (1854 1932) Inventor e industrial estadounidense. Fue el creador de la máquina fotográfica Kodak y de la película transparente de nitrocelulosa. * * * (12 jul. 1854, Waterville, N.Y., EE.UU.–14 mar. 1932, Rochester, N.Y.). Inventor y fabricante …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Eastman, George — (12.7.1854 14.3.1932) Amerikanischer Erfinder und Industrieller, gründete 1880 einen Betrieb zur Herstellung von Fotoplatten, aus dem die Eastman Kodak Company wurde. 1884 begann er die fabrikmäßige Herstellung von Rollfilm, und mit der… …   Das Lexikon aus „Bernie's Foto-Programm"

  • Eastman , George — (1854–1932) American inventor Eastman, who was born in Waterville, New York, began his career in banking and insurance but turned from this to photography. In 1880 he perfected the dry plate photographic film and began manufacturing this. He… …   Scientists

  • Eastman,George — East·man (ēstʹmən), George. 1854 1932. American inventor and industrialist who invented a dry plate process of photographic film development, flexible film, a box camera, and a process for color photography. * * * …   Universalium

  • Eastman — Eastman, George …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • George Eastman House — Vista exterior. Información geográfica Coordenadas …   Wikipedia Español

  • Eastman — may refer to:People* Carole Eastman * Charles Eastman, Native American physician * Crystal Eastman * David Eastman, Australian convicted murderer * Don Eastman * George Eastman, founder of Kodak * George Eastman (actor), Italian actor * Howard… …   Wikipedia

  • EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY — Eastman Kodak Unternehmensform Aktiengesellschaft Gründung 1892 Unterneh …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eastman Kodak — Unternehmensform Aktiengesellschaft Gründung 1892 Unterneh …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.