- born 1460/65, Scotlanddied before 1530Scottish poet.He was attached to the court of James IV. Of the more than 100 poems attributed to him, most are short occasional pieces, ranging from gross satire to hymns of religious exaltation. The longer works include the charming dream allegory "The Goldyn Targe," the nuptial song "The Thrissill and the Rois," and "The Flyting of Dunbar and Kennedie," a virtuoso piece of personal abuse directed at a rival. Dunbar was the dominant makar (courtly poet) in the golden age of Scottish poetry.
* * *▪ Scottish poetborn 1460/65, Scotlanddied before 1530Middle Scots poet attached to the court of James IV who was the dominant figure among the Scottish Chaucerians (see makar) in the golden age of Scottish poetry.He was probably of the family of the earls of Dunbar and March and may have received an M.A. degree from St. Andrews in 1479. It is believed that he was a Franciscan novice and travelled to England and France in the King's service. In 1501 he was certainly in England, probably in connection with the arrangements for the marriage of James IV and Margaret Tudor, which took place in 1503. In 1500 he was granted a pension of £10 by the King. By 1504 he was in priest's orders, and in 1510 he received, as a mark of royal esteem, a pension of £80. In 1511 he accompanied the Queen to Aberdeen and celebrated in the verse “Blyth Aberdeen” the entertainments provided by that city. After the King's death at the Battle of Flodden (1513), he evidently received the benefice for which he had so often asked in verse, as there is no record of his pension after 1513.With few exceptions the more than 100 poems attributed to Dunbar are short and occasional, written out of personal moods or events at court. They range from the grossest satire to hymns of religious exaltation. Of his longer works, some are courtly Chaucerian pieces like the dream allegory The Goldyn Targe, which wears its allegory very lightly and charms with descriptive imagery. The Thrissill and the Rois is a nuptial song celebrating the marriage of James IV and Margaret Tudor.In a quite different vein, the alliterative Flyting of Dunbar and Kennedie is a virtuoso demonstration of personal abuse directed against his professional rival Walter Kennedy, who is, incidentally, mentioned with affection in The Lament for the Makaris, Dunbar's reminiscence of dead poets. Dunbar's most celebrated and shocking satire is the alliterative Tretis of the tua mariit Wemen and the Wedo (“Treatise of the Two Married Women and the Widow”).Dunbar's versatility was astonishing. He was at ease in hymn and satire, morality and obscene comedy, panegyric and begging complaint, elegy and lampoon. His poetic vocabulary ranged through several levels, and he moved freely from one to another for satiric effect. He wrote with uncommon frankness and wit, manipulating old themes and forms with imagination and originality. Like other Scots poets after him—notably Robert Burns—he was a vigorously creative traditionalist. In artistry and range, though not in humanity, he was the finest of Scotland's poets.
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Dunbar, William — • Scottish poet, sometimes styled the Chaucer of Scotland , born c. 1460 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Dunbar, William — (ca. 1460–ca. 1515) Perhaps the most notable of the Scottish “makars” or poets writing under the influence of CHAUCER, Dunbar was a master of a great variety of poetic forms, themes, and styles, varying his technique from the formal, courtly,… … Encyclopedia of medieval literature
Dunbar, William — (?1465 ?1513) One of the Scottish Chaucerians, probably a native of East Lothian and thought to be related to the Earls of March. He graduated M.A. from St. Andrews University in 1479 and joined the order of Franciscan friars. On one of his… … British and Irish poets
Dunbar, William — (1460/65, Escocia–antes de 1530). Poeta escocés. Formaba parte de la corte de Jacobo IV. De los más de 100 poemas que se le atribuyen, la mayoría son composiciones breves de ocasión, que van desde la sátira trivial hasta himnos de exaltación… … Enciclopedia Universal
Dunbar, William — (1465? 1530?) Poet, is believed to have been b. in Lothian, and ed. at St. Andrews, and in his earlier days he was a Franciscan friar. Thereafter he appears to have been employed by James IV. in some Court and political matters. His chief… … Short biographical dictionary of English literature
Dunbar,William — Dun·bar (dŭn bärʹ), William. 1460? 1520?. Scottish poet known for his allegorical works, such as The Thrissill and the Rois (1503), and an elegy on bygone poets, Lament of the Makaris (c. 1508). * * * … Universalium
DUNBAR, William — a Scottish poet, entered the Franciscan order and became an itinerant preaching friar, in which capacity he wandered over the length and breadth of the land, enjoying good cheer by the way; was some time in the service of James IV., and wrote… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Dunbar (disambiguation) — Dunbar can refer to: Contents 1 Places 2 Surname 2.1 Earls of Dunbar 2.2 Other 2.3 Fictional characters … Wikipedia
Dunbar — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Dunbar puede referirse a: Contenido 1 Lugares 2 Personas 2.1 Jarles de Dunbar 2.2 Otras personas … Wikipedia Español
William P. Dunbar — William Philipps Dunbar (1863 in Minnesota 1922) was an American physician, director of the State Hygienic Institute in Hamburg, who made seminal discoveries about cholera control and allergies, including identifying the allergen in grass pollen… … Wikipedia