Doctors Without Borders
- French Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF)World's largest independent international medical relief agency.It was established by a group of French physicians in 1971. It aids victims of armed conflict, epidemics, and natural and man-made disasters and helps others whose lack of health care is due to geographic remoteness or ethnic or political marginalization. Teams provide primary health care, perform surgery, vaccinate children, rehabilitate hospitals, operate emergency nutrition and sanitation programs, and train local medical staff. Operating independently of governments, the organization depends on volunteer health professionals (more than 2,000 annually) and private donations. It received the 1999 Nobel Peace Prize.
* * *French Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF)international humanitarian (human rights) group dedicated to providing medical care to victims of political violence or natural disasters, as well as to those who lack access to such treatment. The group was awarded the 1999 Nobel Prize for Peace.Doctors Without Borders was founded in 1971 by 10 French physicians who were dissatisfied with the neutrality of the Red Cross (Red Cross and Red Crescent). The doctors believed they had the right to intervene wherever they saw a need for their assistance, rather than waiting for an invitation from the government, and they also felt they had a duty to speak out about injustice, even though it might offend the host government. In 1972 Doctors Without Borders conducted its first major relief effort, helping victims of an earthquake in Nicaragua. Other significant missions were undertaken to care for victims of fighting in Lebanon (1976), Afghanistan (1979), and the Russian republic of Chechnya (1995). Doctors Without Borders has continued to work to relieve famine, offer medical care to casualties of war, and deal with the problem of refugees in many countries throughout the world. In 2003 Doctors Without Borders was a founding partner in the organization Drugs for Neglected Diseases Initiative (DNDi), which works to create medicines for such diseases as malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV/AIDS.Doctors Without Borders works in more than 70 countries. Headquartered in Brussels, the organization has offices in some 20 countries. In addition to providing medical assistance, Doctors Without Borders has a reputation as a highly politicized group, particularly skillful in achieving publicity for its efforts. Its vocal opposition to perceived injustice led to its expulsion from several countries.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Doctors Without Borders — A group which sends physicians and other health workers to some of the most destitute and dangerous parts of the world and encourages them not only to care for people, but also to condemn the injustices they encounter. The 1999 Nobel Peace Prize… … Medical dictionary
Without Borders — A number of non governmental organizations have adopted the Without Borders tag, inspired by Doctors without Borders.* Action Without Borders *Advocats sans Frontières * Architecture Sans Frontières, an international network of architects… … Wikipedia
Reporters Without Borders — Reporters Without Borders, or RWB ( fr. Reporters sans frontières, es. Reporteros Sin Fronteras, or RSF, de. Reporter ohne Grenzen or ROG, it. Reporter senza frontiere, fa. گزارشگران بدون مرز, ar. مراسلون بلا حدود, zh stp|s=无国界记者|t=無國界記者|p=Wú… … Wikipedia
Lawyers Without Borders — is a non profit, Hartford, Connecticut United States–based organization founded in 2000, whose goal it is to engage the legal profession on an international basis. They support the capacity of non governmental organizations worldwide, advance the … Wikipedia
Translators Without Borders — (TWB), ( fr. Traducteurs sans Frontières, (TSF)) is a non profit association, which provides free translation services for humanitarian agencies. Established in 1993 by Eurotexte [ [http://www.eurotexte.fr/portal/ Eurotexte Portal] ] .The… … Wikipedia
Reporters Without Borders — ▪ international organization French Reporters sans Frontières (RSF) international organization founded in France in 1985 to advocate for press freedom worldwide. Named in reference to the international medical charity Doctors Without… … Universalium
Nursing Students Without Borders — Type Health care Founded 1999 Nursing Students Without Borders (NSWB) is an international, not for profit health care related non governmental organization created and lead by nursing students in conjunction with relevant fields of science and… … Wikipedia
Médecins Sans Frontières — Founded 1971 Location Geneva, Switzerland Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) (pronounced [medəsɛ̃ sɑ̃ fʁɔ̃tjɛʁ] ( … Wikipedia
Nobel Prizes — ▪ 2009 Introduction Prize for Peace The 2008 Nobel Prize for Peace was awarded to Martti Ahtisaari, former president (1994–2000) of Finland, for his work over more than 30 years in settling international disputes, many involving ethnic,… … Universalium
2010 Haiti earthquake — 2010 Haiti earthquake … Wikipedia