Dixon, Willie

orig. William James Dixon

born July 1, 1915, Vicksburg, Miss., U.S.
died Jan. 29, 1992, Burbank, Calif.

U.S. musician who influenced the emergence of electric blues and rock music.

In 1936 Dixon moved from his native Mississippi to Chicago, won an Illinois Golden Gloves boxing championship, and began selling his songs. He played double bass in several bands before joining Chess Records. His lively compositions, which he sold for as little as $30, included "Little Red Rooster," "You Shook Me," and "Back Door Man"; many were later recorded by Muddy Waters, Elvis Presley, and the Rolling Stones. Dixon toured widely throughout the U.S. and Europe.

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▪ American musician
in full  William James Dixon 
born July 1, 1915, Vicksburg, Miss., U.S.
died Jan. 29, 1992, Burbank, Calif.

      American blues musician who, as record producer, bassist, and prolific songwriter, exerted a major influence on the post-World War II Chicago style.

      Dixon's mother wrote religious poetry, and he sang in a gospel (gospel music) quartet before moving to Chicago in 1936. The following year he won the Illinois Golden Glove amateur heavyweight boxing championship. He began playing the double bass in 1939 and worked extensively with the Big Three Trio (1946–52). When that group dissolved, he began working full-time for , serving as a house bassist and arranger on recording sessions. Dixon's upbeat blues compositions, which he sold for as little as $30, helped usher in the Chicago blues sound of the 1950s.

      Among his best-known songs are “I'm Your Hoochie Coochie Man” and “I'm Ready,” written for Muddy Waters (Waters, Muddy); “Little Red Rooster” and “Back Door Man,” for Howlin' Wolf; “My Babe,” for Little Walter; “Bring It on Home,” for the second Sonny Boy Williamson (Alex “Rice” Miller); and “The Seventh Son” and “Wang Dang Doodle.” In the late 1950s he worked with the short-lived Cobra label; in the 1960s he toured Europe with the American Folk Blues Festival and formed the Chicago Blues All-Stars, which traveled widely throughout the United States and Europe. rock performers such as the Rolling Stones (Rolling Stones, the), Jimi Hendrix (Hendrix, Jimi), Elvis Presley (Presley, Elvis), and Led Zeppelin recorded his songs. He was the founder of the Blues Heaven Foundation, a nonprofit organization designed to benefit destitute blues performers and provide scholarships to young musicians. His autobiography is entitled I Am the Blues (1989).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dixon, Willie — orig. William James Dixon (1 jul. 1915, Vicksburg, Miss., EE.UU.–29 ene. 1992, Burbank, Cal.). Músico estadounidense que influyó en la gestación del blues eléctrico y de la música rock. En 1936, Dixon se mudó de su Mississippi natal a Chicago,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Dixon,Willie — Dix·on (dĭkʹsən), Willie. 1915 1992. American musician and songwriter who served as a major figure on the Chicago blues scene. * * * …   Universalium

  • Willie Dixon — Infobox musical artist Name = Willie Dixon Img capt = Willie Dixon s style of blues was one of the inspirations for a new generation of music, rock and roll. Img size = Landscape = Birth name = William James Dixon Alias = Background = Born =… …   Wikipedia

  • Willie Dixon — Para otros usos de este término, véase Will Dixon (desambiguación). Willie Dixon Datos generales Nombre real William James D …   Wikipedia Español

  • Willie Dixon — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Dixon. Willie Dixon Willie Dixon en 1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Willie Maddren — Infobox Football biography playername = Willie Maddren fullname = William Dixon Maddren dateofbirth = birth date|1951|1|11|df=y cityofbirth = Billingham, Teesside countryofbirth = England Nickname(s) = dateofdeath = death date and… …   Wikipedia

  • Dixon — /dik seuhn/, n. 1. Jeremiah, died 1777, English astronomer and surveyor. Cf. Mason Dixon line. 2. a city in N Illinois. 15,659. 3. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Cowell Henry Dixon Dixon Joseph Dixon Willie William James Dixon… …   Universalium

  • Willie — /wil ee/, n. 1. a male given name, form of William. 2. a female given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Dixon Willie Hoppe Willie Lanier Willie Edward Mays Willie Howard Mosconi Willie Nelson Willie Willie Shoemaker Simms Willie * * * …   Universalium

  • Dixon — (as used in expressions) Cowell, Henry (Dixon) Dixon, Joseph Dixon, Willie William James Dixon Margaret Rumer Godden Haynes Dixon Mason Dixon, línea Porter, David Dixon …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Willie — (as used in expressions) Dixon, Willie Hoppe, Willie Lanier, Willie (Edward) Mays, Willie (Howard) Mosconi, Willie Nelson, Willie Willie Shoemaker …   Enciclopedia Universal

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