Dickens, Charles (John Huffam)

born Feb. 7, 1812, Portsmouth, Hampshire, Eng.
died June 9, 1870, Gad's Hill, near Chatham, Kent

British novelist, generally considered the greatest of the Victorian period.

When Dickens's father, a clerk, was thrown into debtors prison, the boy was withdrawn from school and forced to work in a factory. As a young man he worked as a reporter. His fiction career began with short pieces reprinted as Sketches by "Boz" (1836). The comic novel The Pickwick Papers (1837) made him the most popular English author of his time. Oliver Twist (1838), Nicholas Nickleby (1839), The Old Curiosity Shop (1841), and Barnaby Rudge (1841) followed. After a trip to America, he wrote A Christmas Carol (1843) in a few weeks, followed by Martin Chuzzlewit (1844). With Dombey and Son (1848), his novels began to express a heightened uneasiness about the evils of Victorian industrial society, which intensified in the semiautobiographical David Copperfield (1850), as well as Bleak House (1853), Hard Times (1854), Little Dorrit (1857), Great Expectations (1861), and Our Mutual Friend (1865). A Tale of Two Cities (1859) appeared in the period when he achieved great popularity for his public readings. The Mystery of Edwin Drood (1870) was left unfinished. Dickens's works are characterized by attacks on social evils and inadequate institutions, an encyclopaedic knowledge of London, pathos, a vein of the macabre, a pervasive spirit of benevolence and geniality, inexhaustible powers of character creation, an acute ear for characteristic speech, and a highly individual and inventive prose style.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dickens,Charles John Huffam — Dick·ens (dĭkʹĭnz), Charles John Huffam. Pen name Boz. 1812 1870. British writer known for his tales of Victorian life and times. His works, which first appeared in serialized form, include The Pickwick Papers (1836 1837), Oliver Twist (1837… …   Universalium

  • Dickens, Charles (John Huffam) — (7 feb. 1812, Portsmouth, Hampshire, Inglaterra–9 jun. 1870, Gad s Hill, cerca de Chatham, Kent). Novelista británico, a menudo considerado el máximo exponente del período victoriano. Su padre, un empleado, cayó en prisión por deudas, y Dickens… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Charles John Huffam Dickens — Charles Dickens Charles John Huffam Dickens (als Pseudonym auch Boz; * 7. Februar 1812 in Landport bei Portsmouth, England; † 9. Juni 1870 auf Gads Hill Place bei Rochester, England) war ein englischer Schriftsteller …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles John Huffam Dickens — noun English writer whose novels depicted and criticized social injustice (1812 1870) • Syn: ↑Dickens, ↑Charles Dickens • Derivationally related forms: ↑Dickensian (for: ↑Dickens) • Instance Hypernyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Dickens, Charles — ▪ British novelist Introduction in full  Charles John Huffam Dickens   born Feb. 7, 1812, Portsmouth, Hampshire, Eng. died June 9, 1870, Gad s Hill, near Chatham, Kent  English novelist, generally considered the greatest of the Victorian era. His …   Universalium

  • Charles Dickens — Dickens redirects here. For other uses, see Dickens (disambiguation). Charles Dickens …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Dickens — Charles John Huffam Dickens (als Pseudonym auch Boz; * 7. Februar 1812 in Landport bei Portsmouth, England; † 9. Juni 1870 auf Gad’s Hill Place bei Rochester, England) war ein englischer Schriftsteller …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles — Charles, Ray * * * (as used in expressions) Adams, Charles Francis Addams, Charles (Samuel) Atlas, Charles Babbage, Charles Barkley, Charles (Wade) Charles Daly Barnet Bartlett, Sir Frederic C(harles) Baudelaire, Charles (Pierre) Charles Edward… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Charles Dickens — noun English writer whose novels depicted and criticized social injustice (1812 1870) • Syn: ↑Dickens, ↑Charles John Huffam Dickens • Derivationally related forms: ↑Dickensian (for: ↑Dickens) • Instance Hyp …   Useful english dictionary

  • Charles — /chahrlz/, n. 1. (Prince of Edinburgh and of Wales) born 1948, heir apparent to the throne of Great Britain (son of Elizabeth II). 2. Ray (Ray Charles Robinson), born 1930, U.S. blues singer and pianist. 3. Cape, a cape in E Virginia, N of the… …   Universalium

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