Dibdin, Charles

(baptized March 4, 1745, Southampton, Hampshire, Eng.
died July 25, 1814, London) British composer, novelist, and actor.

A cathedral chorister, Dibdin began working for a music publisher at age 15 and began his stage career in 1762. His first operetta was The Shepherd's Artifice (1764). By 1778, when he became exclusive composer for Covent Garden, he had produced eight operas, including The Padlock (1768), The Waterman (1774), and The Quaker (1775). He later produced his ballad opera Liberty Hall. He was author, singer, and accompanist for his celebrated one-man "table entertainments"; most of his popular sea songs were written for these. In all, he wrote about 100 stage works and 1,400 songs. He was one of the most popular British composers of the 18th century.

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▪ British composer, author, actor and manager
baptized March 15, 1745, Southampton, Hampshire, England
died July 25, 1814, London
 composer, author, actor, and theatrical manager whose sea songs and operas made him one of the most popular English composers of the late 18th century.

      A chorister at Winchester Cathedral, Dibdin went to London at age 15, worked for a music publisher, and began his stage career at Richmond in 1762. He later acted in London, notably as Ralph in Samuel Arnold's The Maid of the Mill. His first operetta, The Shepherd's Artifice, was produced at Covent Garden in 1764. By 1778, when he became composer to Covent Garden, he had produced eight operas, among them The Padlock (1768), The Waterman (1774), and The Quaker (1775). He managed the Royal Circus, later the Surrey Theatre, during 1782–84 and in 1785 produced his ballad opera Liberty Hall. After the failure of a projected trip to India, he began about 1789 to produce his celebrated one-man “table entertainments,” in which he acted as author, singer, and accompanist. Most of his sea songs were written for these entertainments, among them "Tom Bowling" (written in memory of his brother, a ship's captain), "To Bachelors' Hall," "Poor Jack," and " 'Twas in the Good Ship Rover."

      A self-taught musician, Dibdin wrote about 100 stage works, about 1,400 songs, often to his own words, and some instrumental works. He also wrote several novels. Restless, irascible, flagrantly racist, and frequently in debt (for which he fled to France on one occasion and later spent time in debtor's prison), he was a born melodist who excelled in writing for the voice.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dibdin, Charles — (4 mar. 1745, Southampton, Hampshire, Inglaterra–25 jul. 1814, Londres). Compositor, novelista y actor británico. Corista catedralicio, a los 15 años empezó a trabajar para una editorial de música y en 1762 comenzó su carrera actoral. Su primera… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • DIBDIN, CHARLES —    musician, dramatist, and song writer, born in Southampton; began life as an actor; invented a dramatic entertainment consisting of music, songs, and recitations, in which he was the sole performer, and of which he was for the most part the… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Dibdin, Charles — (1745 1814)    Dramatist and song writer, b. at Southampton, began his literary career at 16 with a drama, The Shepherd s Artifice. His fame, however, rests on his sea songs, which are unrivalled, and include Tom Bowling, Poor Jack, and Blow High …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Charles Dibdin — Charles Dibdin, 1799 Charles Dibdin (4 March 1745? – 25 July 1814) was a British musician, dramatist, novelist, actor and songwriter. The son of a parish clerk, he was born in Southampton on or before 4 March 1745,[1] and was the youngest of a… …   Wikipedia

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  • Dibdin — Dibdĭn, Charles, engl. Komponist, Theaterdichter und Schauspieler, geb. 4. März 1745 zu Southampton, gest. 25. Juli 1814 in London; schrieb Operetten, Pantomimen und Lieder sowie eine Autobiographie (4 Bde., 1803). – Sein Sohn Thomas D., geb.… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Dibdin [1] — Dibdin, Charles, geb. um 1748 in Southampton, gest. 1814, engl. Schauspieler, Schauspieldichter u. Componist; in letzterer Beziehung war er von Bedeutung, indem mehrere seiner Matrosenlieder (z.B. hearts of oak, Eichenherzen etc.) populär wurden; …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Dibdin, Thomas Frognall — ▪ English bibliographer born 1776, Calcutta [now Kolkata], India died November 18, 1847, London, England       English bibliographer who helped to stimulate interest in bibliography by his own enthusiastic though often inaccurate books, by his… …   Universalium

  • Charles Dibdin — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Dibdin. Charles Dibdin Charles Dibdin (4 mars? 1745 à Southampton …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dibdin — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Dibdin Charles Dibdin, écrivain anglais ; Thomas Frognall Dibdin, bibliographe anglais , Thomas John Dibdin, auteur et compositeur anglais.… …   Wikipédia en Français

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