- in full Diamond-Cutter Perfection of Wisdom SutraWisdom text of Mahayana Buddhism.It was composed с AD 300 and translated into Chinese с AD 400. The best known of the wisdom texts contained in the Prajnaparamita, it is written in the form of a dialogue between the Buddha Gautama and a questioning disciple. The work emphasizes the transitory nature of the material world and suggests that spiritual fulfillment can be attained only by transcending ephemeral phenomena and abandoning rationalism.
* * *▪ Buddhist textSanskrit Vajracchedikā-sūtra(“Diamond Cutter Sūtra”), brief and very popular Mahāyāna Buddhist text, widely used in East Asia, and perhaps the best known of the 18 smaller “Wisdom” texts, which together with their commentaries are known as the Prajñāpāramitā. It takes the form of a dialogue in the presence of a company of monks and bodhisattvas (“Buddhas-to-be”) between the Buddha as teacher and a disciple as questioner. The Chinese translation, Chin-kang Ching (“Diamond Sūtra”), appeared about AD 400.The Diamond Sūtra expresses the Prajñāpāramitā emphasis upon the illusory nature of phenomena in these words: “Just as, in the vast ethereal sphere, stars and darkness, light and mirage, dew, foam, lightning, and clouds emerge, become visible, and vanish again, like the features of a dream—so everything endowed with an individual shape is to be regarded.” As with most of the shorter (and later) Prajñāpāramitā texts, the ideas are not argued or explained but boldly stated, often in striking paradoxes, including frequent identification of things with their opposites. Thus, the form of presentation underlines the text's thesis that spiritual realization depends upon transcending rational categories. Partly for this reason the Diamond Sūtra is considered the Sanskrit work closest in spirit to the philosophy of Zen.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Diamond Sutra — Elder Subhūti addresses the Buddha. Detail from the Dunhuang block print … Wikipedia
Sutra del Diamante — El Sutra del Diamante chino, el libro impreso más antiguo conocido del mundo, impreso en el noveno año de la Era Xiantong de la Dinastía Tang, es decir, 868 A.D. British Library. El Sutra del Diamante es un sutra Mahāyāna breve del género de la… … Wikipedia Español
Diamond (gemstone) — Part of a series on Diamonds Material Material properties Crystallographic defects Formatio … Wikipedia
sutra — /sooh treuh/, n. 1. Hinduism. a collection of aphorisms relating to some aspect of the conduct of life. 2. Pali, sutta /soot euh/. Buddhism. any of the sermons of Buddha. 3. one of the approximately 4000 rules or aphorisms that constitute Panini… … Universalium
diamond — diamondlike, adj. /duy meuhnd, duy euh /, n. 1. a pure or nearly pure, extremely hard form of carbon, naturally crystallized in the isometric system. 2. a piece of this stone. 3. a transparent, flawless or almost flawless piece of this stone, esp … Universalium
Diamond — /duy meuhnd, duy euh /, n. 1. Neil, born 1941, U.S. singer and songwriter. 2. Cape, a hill in Canada, in S Quebec, on the St. Lawrence River. * * * I Mineral composed of pure carbon, the hardest naturally occurring substance known and a valuable… … Universalium
Diamond Realm — Mandala In Vajrayana Buddhism, the Diamond Realm (Skt. वज्धातु vajradhātu, Jp. 金剛界 kongōkai) is a metaphysical space inhabited by the Five Wisdom Buddhas. The Diamond Realm Mandala is based on an esoteric Buddhist sutra called the Vajrasekhara… … Wikipedia
Diamond Way Buddhism — This article is about a specific Buddhist organization. For the form of Buddhism sometimes called Diamond Way Buddhism , see Vajrayana. Part of a series on Buddhism Outline · Portal … Wikipedia
Diamant Sutra — Prajnaparamita Bodhisattva (Java, Indonesien) Das ca. im 1. Jh. u.Z. verfasste Diamant Sutra (Vajracchedikā prājñāpāramitā sūtra) zählt zu den wichtigsten Texten des Mahayana Buddhismus. Es hat in den verschiedensten asiatischen Ländern schon… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Shurangama Sutra — Sanskrit manuscript from Nālandā, depicting the Buddha in meditation … Wikipedia