born Jan. 13, 1813, Mezzana Corti, Kingdom of Italydied July 29, 1887, Stradella, ItalyItalian politician.In 1848 he was elected to the first Piedmontese parliament and was reelected thereafter until his death. After Italy was unified, he served in several cabinet posts (1862–67). He became premier in 1876 and was the dominant force in Italian politics until 1887. Among his notable achievements were the signing of the Triple Alliance and his government policy of trasformismo, bringing together members of different parties in the same cabinet.
* * *▪ premier of Italyborn Jan. 13, 1813, Mezzana Corti, Kingdom of Italydied July 29, 1887, Stradella, ItalyItalian statesman, a leftist figure in the Risorgimento who later served three times as premier of Italy. He provided a fairly stable government by the tactics of trasformismo, which brought together members of different parties in the same Cabinet.After graduating from law school at Pavia (1834), he spent several years running his family's estate. In 1848, the year of revolutionary upheavals in Europe, he was elected deputy to the first Piedmontese Parliament, a position he held continuously until his death. As a deputy he consistently opposed Count Cavour, the premier of the kingdom of Piedmont–Sardinia.Probably because he foresaw its failure, Depretis did not participate directly in the 1853 uprising in Milan planned by Giuseppe Mazzini, the extreme-left nationalist. After Cavour's resignation in 1859, Depretis briefly served as governor of Brescia in the province of Lombardy, which Piedmont had newly annexed from Austria.Italy was politically unified in 1861, and Depretis became successively minister of public works (1862), minister of the navy (1866), and minister of finance (1867) in the weak national governments that followed unification. As nominal head of the leftists after Urbano Rattazzi's death in 1873, Depretis was invited to become premier in March 1876. For the next 11 years he was the dominant force in Italian politics. A scandal in March 1878 brought down his government before his moderately liberal reforms could be introduced. Returning to power in December 1878, he formed a more conservative government that lasted eight months.In May 1881 Depretis organized a government that lasted until July 1887, a period notable for its lack of change. The major reform achieved by his government was the extension of suffrage from 2 percent to 7 percent of the population (1882).In 1882 Depretis signed the Triple Alliance, which allied Italy with Austria–Hungary and Germany. He was then persuaded to colonize Africa. When 500 Italian troops were killed by Ethiopians at the Battle of Dogali in January 1887, his government resigned. In April Depretis was again chosen as prime minister, but he died in office a few months later.The diverse and unstable parties and factions in early Italian national politics made strict party government almost impossible. In response to this problem, Depretis perfected the art of trasformismo (“transformism”), by which, in order to build up his own personal following in parliament, he ignored party labels and took ministers from both the right and left. A prime minister could stay in office longer by means of the shifting government coalitions thus created. Cavour had done much the same thing as Italy's first prime minister, but under Depretis this practice became the established technique of Italian parliamentarism.
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Depretis, Agostino — (1812–1887) The quintessential professional politician, Depretis was born in the province of Pavia (Lombardy) in 1812 to a family of wealthy landowners. His political career started in his midthirties when he was elected to the Piedmontese… … Historical Dictionary of modern Italy
Depretis, Agostino — (13 ene. 1813, Mezzana Corti, Reino de Italia–29 jul. 1887, Stradella, Italia). Político italiano. En 1848 fue elegido para integrar el primer Parlamento piamontés, y a partir de entonces fue reelegido hasta su muerte. Después de la unificación… … Enciclopedia Universal
Agostino Depretis — Mandats 12e, 14e et 16e … Wikipédia en Français
Agostino Depretis — Agostino Depretis … Wikipedia Español
Depretis — Agostino Depretis Agostino Depretis (né le 31 janvier 1813 à Mezzana Corti près de Pavie, en Lombardie mort le 29 septembre 1887 à Stradella, au Piémont) était un avocat et homme politique italien qui a marqué l histoir … Wikipédia en Français
Depretis — Agostino Depretis Agostino Depretis (* 31. Januar 1813 in Mezzana; † 29. Juli 1887 in Stradella) war ein italienischer Staatsmann. Er war Premierminister in den folgenden Perioden: 25. März 1876–24. März 1878 19. Dezember 1878–14. Juli 1879 29.… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Agostino Depretis — (* 31. Januar 1813 in Mezzana; † 29. Juli 1887 in Stradella) war ein italienischer Staatsmann. Er war Premierminister in den folgenden Perioden: 25. März 1876–24. März 1878 19. Dezember 1878–14. Juli 1879 29. Mai 1 … Deutsch Wikipedia
DEPRETIS (A.) — DEPRETIS AGOSTINO (1813 1887) Homme politique italien. Originaire d’une famille de riches agriculteurs, Agostino Depretis se lie avec les mazziniens durant ses études de droit puis, s’étant consacré à la gestion de ses domaines, il anime le… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Deprētis — Deprētis, Agostino, ital. Staatsmann, geb. 31. Jan. 1813 in Mezzana bei Stradella, gest. 29. Juli 1887, studierte die Rechte, ließ sich als Advokat in Stradella nieder und beteiligte sich eifrig an den nationalen Bestrebungen der Italiener. Dem… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Depretis — Deprētis, Agostino, ital. Staatsmann, geb. 31. Jan. 1813 zu Mezzana bei Stradella, Advokat, 1848 Deputierter auf seiten der gemäßigten Linken, 1859 Gouverneur von Brescia, 1860 Prodiktator von Sizilien, 1862 Minister der Bauten, 1866 der Marine,… … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon