born Jan. 18, 1925, Paris, Francedied Nov. 4, 1995, ParisFrench antirationalist philosopher and literary critic.He began his study of philosophy at the Sorbonne in 1944 and was appointed to the faculty there in 1957; he later taught at the University of Lyons and the University of Paris VIII (Vincennes). His first major publications, David Hume (1952) and Nietzsche and Philosophy (1962), were historical studies of thinkers who emphasized the limited powers of human reason. In Difference and Repetition (1968), he argued against the devaluation of "difference" in Western metaphysics and tried to show that difference inheres in repetition itself. A central theme of his work during this period was the "Eleatic-Platonic bias" of Western metaphysicsi.e., its preference for unity over multiplicity ("the one" over "the many") and for sameness over difference. According to Deleuze, this bias falsifies the nature of experience, which consists of multiplicities rather than unities. In Anti-Oedipus (1972), the first volume of a two-volume work (Capitalism and Schizophrenia), Deleuze and the radical psychoanalyst Félix Guattari (1930–92) attacked traditional psychoanalysis for suppressing human desire in the service of normalization and control. The second volume, A Thousand Plateaus (1980), condemned all rationalist metaphysics as "state philosophy." Depressed by chronic illness, Deleuze committed suicide.
* * *▪ 1996French antirationalist philosopher best known for his 1972 book Anti-Oedipus, co-written with the radical psychiatrist Félix Guattari (b. Jan. 18, 1925—d. Nov. 4, 1995).
* * *▪ French philosopherborn January 18, 1925, Paris, Francedied November 4, 1995, ParisFrench writer and antirationalist philosopher.Deleuze began his study of philosophy at the Sorbonne in 1944. Appointed to the faculty there in 1957, he later taught at the University of Lyons and the University of Paris VIII, where he was a popular lecturer. He retired from teaching in 1987.Two of Deleuze's early publications, David Hume (1952; with Andre Cresson) and Nietzsche and Philosophy (1962), were historical studies of thinkers who, though in different ways, emphasized the limited powers of human reason and mocked the pretensions of traditional philosophy to discern the ultimate nature of reality. In the 1960s Deleuze began to philosophize in a more original vein, producing two major works, Difference and Repetition (1968) and The Logic of Sense (1969). In the former he argued against the devaluation of “difference” in Western metaphysics and tried to show that difference inheres in repetition itself.A central theme of Deleuze's work during this period was what he called the “Eleatic-Platonic bias” of Western metaphysics—i.e., the preference, which originated with the pre-Socratic school of Eleaticism and the subsequent philosophy of Plato, for unity over multiplicity (“the one” over “the many”) and for sameness over difference. According to Deleuze, this bias, which manifests itself in the characteristic philosophical search for the abstract “essences” of things, falsifies the nature of experience, which consists of multiplicities rather than unities. In order to do justice to reality as multiplicity, therefore, a completely new set of philosophical concepts is required. Deleuze also criticized traditional metaphysics for its “arboreal” or “treelike” character—i.e., its conception of reality in terms of hierarchy, order, and linearity—and compared his own thought, by contrast, to the structure of a rhizome, an underground plant stem whose growth is aimless and disordered.Following the student uprising in Paris in May 1968, Deleuze's thought became more politically engaged. Anti-Oedipus (1972), the first volume of a two-volume work (Capitalism and Schizophrenia) written with the radical psychoanalyst Félix Guattari (Guattari, Pierre-Félix) (1930–92), is an extended attack on traditional psychoanalysis and the concept of the Oedipus complex, which the authors contend has been used to suppress human desire in the service of normalization and control. The book concludes with a rather naive celebration of schizophrenia as a heroic expression of social nonconformity. In the second volume, A Thousand Plateaus (1980), which they present as a study in “nomadology” and “deterritorialization” (the former term suggesting the nomadic lifestyle of Bedouin tribes, the latter a general state of flux and mobility), Deleuze and Guattari condemn all species of rationalist metaphysics as “state philosophy.”In 1995, depressed by chronic illness and his generally deteriorating health, Deleuze committed suicide.Richard Wolin
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Deleuze, Gilles — (18 ene. 1925, París, Francia–4 Nov. 1995, París). Filósofo antirracionalista y crítico literario francés. Comenzó a estudiar filosofía en la Sorbona en 1944, y en 1957 fue nombrado profesor en esa misma universidad; más tarde enseñó en la… … Enciclopedia Universal
Gilles Deleuze — Full name Gilles Deleuze Born 18 January 1925 Paris, France Died 4 November 1995(1995 11 04) (aged 70) Paris, France … Wikipedia
Gilles Deleuze — en 1987. Gilles Deleuze (París, 18 de enero de 1925 París, 4 de noviembre de 1995) fue un filósofo francés, considerado entre los más importantes e influyentes del siglo XX. Desde 1960 hasta su muerte, escribió numerosas obras filosóficas, sobre… … Wikipedia Español
DELEUZE (G.) — DELEUZE GILLES (1925 1995) L’importance du travail philosophique de Gilles Deleuze en interdit un résumé trop rapide. On peut toutefois souligner, dans l’ensemble de ses textes, depuis son premier livre, Empirisme et Subjectivité (1953), jusqu’à… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Deleuze — ist der Name folgender Personen: Émilie Deleuze (* 7. Mai 1964), französische Regisseurin und Tochter von Gilles Deleuze Gilles Deleuze (1925–1995), französischer Philosoph Joseph Philippe François Deleuze (1753–1835), französischer Naturforscher … Deutsch Wikipedia
Gilles Deleuze — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Deleuze. Gilles Deleuze Philosophe occidental Époque contemporaine … Wikipédia en Français
Gilles — (as used in expressions) Gilles de Retz Gilles de Rais Deleuze Gilles Raymond of Saint Gilles * * * … Universalium
Gilles — (as used in expressions) Gilles de Rais Gilles de Retz Deleuze, Gilles Raimundo de Saint Gilles … Enciclopedia Universal
Gilles Deleuze — (1987) Gilles Deleuze [ʒil dəˈløːz] (* 18. Januar 1925 in Paris; † 4. November 1995 ebenda) war ein französischer Philosoph. Deleuze verfasste zahlreiche Schriften über Philosophie, Literatur, Film und Kuns … Deutsch Wikipedia
Gilles Chatelet — Gilles Châtelet Pour les articles homonymes, voir François Châtelet et Châtelet. Gilles Châtelet, né en 1945 et mort le 11 juin 1999 à Paris, est un mathématicien et philosophe français. Sommaire 1 Biographie … Wikipédia en Français