- born May 20, 1915, Deganya, Palestinedied Oct. 16, 1981, Tel Aviv–Yafo, IsraelIsraeli soldier and statesman.Born of Russian parents in Israel's first kibbutz, he became a guerrilla fighter against Arab raiders during the period of the British mandate. Although jailed briefly by the British for his involvement with the Hagana organization, he lost an eye fighting alongside British forces in Syria during World War II (1939–45). He was a commander in the Israeli army during the first Arab-Israel war (1948–49). He was army chief of staff during the Suez Crisis (1956) and later agriculture minister (1959–64). He was appointed defense minister just before the Six-Day War (1967), and the Israeli victory brought him widespread adulation; he served until 1974. He joined the Likud party government as foreign minister when it came into power in 1977 and helped broker the 1978 Camp David Accords.
* * *▪ Israeli statesmanborn May 20, 1915, Deganya, Palestine [now in Israel]died Oct. 16, 1981, Tel Aviv, Israelsoldier and statesman who led Israel to dramatic victories over its Arab neighbours and became a symbol of security to his countrymen.Dayan was born on Israel's first kibbutz and was raised on the country's first successful cooperative farm settlement (moshav), Nahalal. He began his military career in 1937, when he learned guerrilla warfare from the British officer Captain Orde Wingate (Wingate, Orde Charles) in the special night squadrons. These were organized to fight Arab rebel bands in Palestine, and they formed the nucleus of a Jewish army. Convinced that the Jews would have to fight for their independence, Dayan joined the Haganah, an illegal Jewish defense force, and was arrested and imprisoned (1939–41) by British authorities. After his release he led Palestinian Jewish forces against the Vichy French in Syria, where he lost his left eye in action, thereafter wearing the black patch that became his hallmark.In Israel's war of independence in 1948, Dayan was commander of the Jerusalem area, and in 1949 he participated in armistice negotiations between Jordan and Israel. While chief of staff of the Israeli armed forces (1953–58), he planned and led the 1956 invasion of the Sinai Peninsula. That conflict with Egypt established his reputation as a military commander. His memoirs of the action, Diary of the Sinai Campaign, were published in 1966.In 1959 Dayan was elected to the Knesset (Parliament) as a member of Mapai, a party within the Israel Labour Party coalition, and was appointed minister of agriculture by his long-time mentor, Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion (Ben-Gurion, David). He served until 1964, when he resigned during a political conflict between factions led by Ben-Gurion and by the new prime minister, Levi Eshkol.Dayan was again elected to the Knesset in 1965 as a member of Ben-Gurion's new splinter party, Rafi (Alliance of Israel's Workers). On June 1, 1967, when war with Israel's Arab neighbours was imminent, Dayan was appointed minister of defense. Together with the chief of staff, Yitzhak Rabin (Rabin, Yitzhak), he directed operations during the Six-Day War (Arab-Israeli wars) (June 5–10, 1967), and he later administered the territories occupied by Israel. Dayan gained increasing influence over Israel's conduct of foreign affairs in the early 1970s, but when Egypt and Syria unexpectedly attacked Israel on Oct. 6, 1973 (Yom Kippur), Dayan was pilloried for the country's lack of preparedness. When Rabin succeeded Golda Meir as prime minister in June 1974, he dropped Dayan from the Cabinet. Four years later, as foreign minister under Menachem Begin (Begin, Menachem), Dayan became one of the chief architects of the Camp David Accords. Then, angered by Begin's plan to assert Israeli sovereignty over the occupied West Bank area which was legally still part of Jordan, he resigned in October 1979. In 1981 he formed a new party, Telem, which advocated unilateral Israeli disengagement from the territories occupied in the 1967 wars. Dayan's autobiography, The Story of My Life, was published in 1976.After Dayan's death, controversy arose over his extensive private collection of antiquities, part of which he had accumulated through unauthorized and unscientific digs. The collection was eventually sold by his second wife to the Israel Museum.
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DAYAN, MOSHE — (1915–1981), Israeli military commander and statesman, member of the Fourth to Tenth Knessets. The eldest son of Shemuel Dayan, who had been a member of the First Knesset, Dayan was born in kibbutz Deganya Alef, and raised in Nahalal. As a young… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Dayan, Moshe — (1915–81) Israel general and political leader. For the outside world, Dayan’s fixed image was that of the famous general with the black eye patch, hero of the Sinai Campaign and the Six Day War. To the Israelis he stood for much more the sabra … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
Dayan, Moshe — (1915 81) Born on 20 May 1915 in Kibbutz Dega nia and grew up in Nahalal, Dayan was one of the first to join the Palmah when it was established on 18 May 1941 and served under Orde Wingate in his night squads. From 1939 to 1941, Dayan was… … Historical Dictionary of Israel
Dayán, Moshé — (20 may. 1915, Deganya, Palestina–16 oct. 1981, Tel Aviv Yafo, Israel). Militar y estadista israelí. Nacido de padres rusos en el primer kibbutz de Israel, se convirtió en un guerrillero que combatió contra los árabes durante el período del… … Enciclopedia Universal
Dayan, Moshe — (1915 81) Israeli military commander and politician, son of Shemuel Dayan. He was born in Deganyah Alef. During the War of Independence in 1948 he commanded the defence of Jewish settlements in the Jordan Valley. In 1952 he was appointed chief … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
Dayan,Moshe — Da·yan (dä yänʹ), Moshe. 1915 1981. Israeli military leader and politician who directed the 1956 Sinai campaign and the 1967 Six Day War. * * * … Universalium
Dayan, Moshe — (1915–1981) Israeli general and politician … Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors
Moshe Dayan — Dayan in 1978 Born 20 May 1915(1915 05 20) Kibbutz … Wikipedia
Moshe daian — Moshe Dayan Moshe Dayan Moshe Dayan (en hébreu : משה דיין) (né le 20 mai 1915, mort le 16 octobre 1981) était un militaire et un homme politique israélien. So … Wikipédia en Français
Moshé Dayan — Moshe Dayan Moshe Dayan Moshe Dayan (en hébreu : משה דיין) (né le 20 mai 1915, mort le 16 octobre 1981) était un militaire et un homme politique israélien. So … Wikipédia en Français