Dassault, Marcel

orig. Marcel Bloch

born Jan. 22, 1892, Paris, France
died April 18, 1986, Paris

French aircraft designer and industrialist.

He designed aircraft during World War I, and in 1930 he started his own company to build military and civilian airplanes. Sent to Buchenwald as a Jew during World War II, he later changed his last name (to that of his brother's byname in the Resistance) and resumed his business. His company produced Europe's first supersonic plane, the Mystère, and in 1956 began production of the Mirage warplane, which would be acquired by countries worldwide.

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▪ French industrialist
original name  Marcel Bloch  
born Jan. 22, 1892, Paris, France
died April 18, 1986, Paris

      French aircraft designer and industrialist whose companies built the most successful military aircraft in Europe in the decades after World War II.

      The son of a Jewish physician, Bloch obtained degrees in aeronautical design and electrical engineering and worked as an aircraft designer for France during World War I. He engaged in real estate in the 1920s but returned to aeronautics in 1930, starting his own company and building military and civilian airplanes with notable success and profitability. During World War II he refused to work for the Germans and was eventually sent to Buchenwald concentration camp.

      After the war Bloch changed his last name to Dassault (a nom de guerre of one of his brothers in the Resistance) and converted to Roman Catholicism. His aircraft-manufacturing company, Générale Aéronautique Marcel Dassault, led the postwar revival of the French aircraft industry, producing Europe's first supersonic (supersonic flight) plane, the Mystère, as well as the highly successful line of delta-winged military aircraft called Mirages (Mirage) (from 1956). The various Mirage warplanes proved very popular among neutral and Third World nations and became some of the most widely used military aircraft in the world. In 1967 Dassault's company merged with Breguet Aviation, a manufacturer of transport aircraft, to form Avions Marcel Dassault–Breguet Aviation.

      Dassault was a deputy in the National Assembly from 1951 to 1955 and from 1958 until his death.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • DASSAULT, MARCEL — (1892–1986), French aeronautical engineer and industrialist. Dassault was born Marcel Bloch in Paris, the son of a physician. He was one of the first graduates in aeronautical engineering (1914). In World War I he invented an improved propeller… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Dassault, Marcel — orig. Marcel Bloch (22 ene. 1892, París, Francia–18 abr. 1986, París). Diseñador e industrial aeronáutico francés. Diseñó aviones durante la primera guerra mundial, en 1930 inició su propia compañía para fabricar aviones militares y civiles. Fue… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Dassault, Marcel — pseud. di Bloch, Marcel …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Dassault, Marcel (Bloch, Marcel) — (1892 1986)    French aircraft designer. Born in Paris, he studied electricity and worked in a car factory. He later studied in an aeronautical school. During World War I he designed propellers. In the 1930s he continued to design planes. During… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Marcel Bloch — Marcel Dassault (* 22. Januar 1892 in Paris; † 17. April 1986 in Neuilly sur Seine; geboren als Marcel Bloch) war ein französischer Luftfahrtunternehmer. Bloch war einer der ersten Luft und Raumfahrtstudenten Frankreichs. Im Ersten Weltkrieg… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marcel Dassault — Marcel Bloch in 1914 Marcel Dassault, born Marcel Bloch (22 January 1892 17 April 1986) was a French aircraft industrialist. Biography Dassault was born in Paris. After graduating from the lycée Condorcet, Breguet School and Supaero, he inve …   Wikipedia

  • Marcel Dassault — (* 22. Januar 1892 in Paris; † 17. April 1986 in Neuilly sur Seine; geboren als Marcel Bloch) war ein französischer Luftfahrtunternehmer. Bloch war einer der ersten Luft und Raumfahrtstudenten Fr …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marcel Dassault — en 1914. Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Dassault — (Marcel Bloch, dit Marcel) (1892 1986) industriel et homme politique français. à son retour de déportation (1945), il créa la firme Avions (milit.) Marcel Dassault …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Marcel — Marcel, Gabriel * * * (as used in expressions) Aymé, Marcel Breuer, Marcel (Lajos) Carné, Marcel Dassault, Marcel Marcel Bloch Duchamp, Marcel Marceau, Marcel Marcel, Gabriel (Honoré) …   Enciclopedia Universal

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