Dallapiccola, Luigi

born Feb. 3, 1904, Pisino, Istria, Austrian Empire
died Feb. 19, 1975, Florence

Croatian-born Italian composer.

Originally influenced by the music of Claude Debussy, he later was strongly affected by that of Arnold Schoenberg, and he became the leading Italian 12-tone composer. His Songs of Prison (1941) was inspired by the experience of fascism, as was his opera The Prisoner (1948). Other important works include the operas Night Flight (1939), Job (1950), and Ulisse (1968).

* * *

▪ Italian composer
born Feb. 3, 1904, Pisino, Istria, Austrian Empire [now Pazin, Croatia]
died Feb. 19, 1975, Florence
 Italian composer, noteworthy for putting the disciplined 12-tone serial (serialism) technique at the service of warm, emotional expression.

      Dallapiccola spent much of his childhood in Trieste and was interned with his family in Graz, Austria, during World War I; there he became acquainted with the music of Giuseppe Verdi and Richard Wagner. In 1921 Dallapiccola entered the Conservatorio Luigi Cherubini in Florence and was named to its faculty in 1934. Known before World War II as a teacher and pianist, Dallapiccola had an early interest in the music of Ferruccio Busoni, Arnold Schoenberg, and Anton von Webern. He began experiments in the 12-tone idiom around 1939. His triptych Canti di prigionia (1938–41; Songs of Prison) marked him as a mature composer; this work, for chorus with an orchestra of percussion, harps, and pianos, was a protest against Fascist doctrine and was based in part on the chant “Dies Irae” (“Day of Wrath”) from the mass for the dead. In it he used an original version of 12-tone technique.

      Dallapiccola's vocal music is considered among his most effective. Using impassioned texts and a variety of imaginative effects of articulation, his choral writing is Latin in its warmth and at the same time technically complex. The rhythmic intricacies of the Quaderno musicale di Annalibera (1952; Musical Notebook of Annalibera), a piano book written for his daughter, serve as the basis for much of his Canti di liberazione (1955; Songs of Liberation), a triptych for chorus and orchestra, celebrating the liberation of Italy from Fascist control. An opera, Volo di notte (Night Flight), was first performed in Florence in 1940.

      Dallapiccola taught composition in the United States in the 1950s and '60s at the Berkshire Music Center at Tanglewood, in Massachusetts, and at other centres and was a great influence, particularly on the younger Italian composers. Among his students was Luciano Berio (Berio, Luciano), one of the leading composers of electronic music.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dallapiccola, Luigi — ► (1904 75) Compositor y pianista italiano. Representante del vanguardismo musical en Italia. Obras: Vuelo nocturno (ópera), Marsyas (ballet), etc. * * * (3 feb. 1904, Pisino, Istria, Imperio austríaco–19 feb. 1975, Florencia). Compositor… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Dallapiccola — Dallapiccola, Luigi …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Luigi Dallapiccola — 263px Nacimiento 13 de febrero de 1904 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Luigi Dallapiccola — (February 3, 1904 – February 19, 1975) was an Italian composer known for his lyrical twelve tone compositions. Contents 1 Biography 2 Music 3 Selected works 3.1 …   Wikipedia

  • DALLAPICCOLA (L.) — DALLAPICCOLA LUIGI (1904 1975) Né dans la province d’Istrie (Pisino d’Istria), alors dépendante de l’Empire austro hongrois, c’est à Graz en Autriche, où sa famille est obligée de résider au cours de la Première Guerre mondiale, que Dallapiccola… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Luigi — es el hermano menor de Mario en los videojuegos de Nintendo. Primero apareció en Super Mario Bros. como segundo jugador, papel que continuó desempeñando en Super Mario Bros. 2, Super Mario Bros. 3 y Super Mario World (entre otros) para… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Dallapiccola — (Luigi) (1904 1975) compositeur italien dodécaphonique …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Luigi — (as used in expressions) Boccherini Luigi Rodolfo Cherubini Luigi Carlo Zanobi Salvadore Maria Dallapiccola Luigi Einaudi Luigi Galvani Luigi Nervi Pier Luigi Nono Luigi Pirandello Luigi Sturzo Luigi * * * …   Universalium

  • Luigi Dallapiccola — est un pianiste et compositeur italien des périodes moderne et contemporaine né le 3 février 1904 à Mitterburg (aujourd hui Pisino) dans le Comitat d Istrie et mort le 19 février 1975 à Florence (Toscane). Sommaire 1… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Luigi Dallapiccola — (* 3. Februar 1904 in Mitterburg (heute Pazin in Istrien); † 19. Februar 1975 in Florenz) war ein italienischer Komponist. Seine Opern gelten heute als Klassiker der Moderne. Zu seinen Verdiensten zählt unter anderem die Einführung der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.