Cyril of Jerusalem, Saint
born с 315, Jerusalemdied 386?, Jerusalem; feast day March 18Early leader of the Christian church.He became bishop of Jerusalem с 350. He was exiled three times by the Arians but was suspected by the strictly orthodox many years later, at the Council of Constantinople (381), for his association with moderate Arians. He anticipated the doctrine of transubstantiation in his writings and promoted Jerusalem as a pilgrimage centre. He was named a Doctor of the Church in 1883.
* * *▪ Christian bishopborn c. 315, Jerusalemdied 386?, Jerusalem; feast day March 18bishop of Jerusalem and doctor of the church who fostered the development of the “holy city” as a pilgrimage centre for all Christendom.A senior presbyter when he succeeded Maximus as bishop (c. 350), Cyril was exiled about 357 and at two later times from his see by the Arians. Many years later at the Council of Constantinople (381) there was evidence that he might have been suspected by the strictly orthodox for his associations with the Homoiousians (moderate Arians), who had reinstated him as bishop at the Council of Seleucia (359). He retained his bishopric during the reign of Emperor Julian the Apostate (361–363).Cyril's primary surviving work is a collection of 23 catechetical lectures (Catecheses) delivered to candidates for Baptism. The first 18, based on the Jerusalem baptismal creed, were given during Lent, and the concluding 5 instructed the newly baptized during the week after Easter. Cyril was declared a doctor of the church in 1883.
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Cyril of Jerusalem, Saint — • Bishop, Doctor of the Church, d. 386 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Cyril of Jerusalem — For other uses, see Cyril. Saint Cyril of Jerusalem Bishop, Confessor and Doctor of the Church Born ca. 313 possibly near Caesarea Maritima, Syria Palaestina (Modern day Israel) Died 386 Jerusalem, Syria Palaestina Honored in … Wikipedia
Cyril of Jerusalem — (c.310–86) Saint, Bishop and Devotional Writer. Cyril was consecrated Bishop of Jerusalem in c. 350, but was banished by acacius, the Arian Bishop of Caesarea, in 357. He was cleared of heresy by the Synod of Seleucia, but he was sent into… … Who’s Who in Christianity
St. Cyril of Jerusalem — St. Cyril of Jerusalem † Catholic Encyclopedia ► St. Cyril of Jerusalem Bishop of Jerusalem and Doctor of the Church, born about 315; died probably 18 March, 386. In the East his feast is observed on the 18th of March, in the West on… … Catholic encyclopedia
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saint — saintless, adj. /saynt/, n. 1. any of certain persons of exceptional holiness of life, formally recognized as such by the Christian Church, esp. by canonization. 2. a person of great holiness, virtue, or benevolence. 3. a founder, sponsor, or… … Universalium
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