Cumberland River

River, Kentucky and Tennessee, U.S. It rises in southeastern Kentucky and flows west, looping through northern Tennessee before returning north to join the Ohio River after a course of 687 mi (1,106 km).

It drops 92 ft (28 m) at Cumberland (or Great) Falls, the site of a state park. A series of lakes on the Cumberland were developed as part of the Tennessee Valley Authority system. Wolf Creek Dam (1952) created Lake Cumberland, which extends to the base of Cumberland Falls.

* * *

      river formed on the Cumberland Plateau by the confluence of Poor and Clover forks in Harlan county, southern Kentucky, U.S. Looping through northern Tennessee, it joins the Ohio River after a course of 687 miles (1,106 km) at Smithland, Ky., 12 miles (19 km) upstream from the mouth of the Tennessee River. From its headwaters to the Cumberland (or Great) Falls, in Whitley county, Ky. (site of a state park), the river is a mountain stream that is of little volume during late summer but is subject to heavy floods during winter and spring. From Williamsburg, Ky., above the falls, to the Kentucky–Tennessee state line, the Cumberland crosses a highland bench in the Cumberland Plateau and flows in a gorge between cliffs 300–400 feet (90–120 m) high. Thence the river enters the central limestone basin of Tennessee and, turning north, crosses the plain of western Kentucky to the Ohio River. At one point it is less than 2 miles (3 km) from the lower Tennessee River. The Cumberland's drainage area is 18,080 square miles (46,830 square km).

      The Cumberland's chief tributaries, all entering downstream from the falls, are the Laurel, Rockcastle, and South Fork in Kentucky; the Obey, Caney Fork, Stones, Harpeth, and Red in Tennessee; and the Little River in western Kentucky. Nashville, Tenn., is the largest city along the river. Other centres include Pineville, Barbourville, and Williamsburg in eastern Kentucky; Carthage, Clarksville, and Dover in Tennessee; and Eddyville in western Kentucky.

      The development of a series of lakes on the Cumberland took place as part of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) system. Wolf Creek Dam (1952) for flood control and power, in Russell county, Ky., created Lake Cumberland, which extends to the base of Cumberland Falls. Large power dams are in operation on two tributaries: Dale Hollow Dam (1953) on the Obey River near Celina, Tenn.; and Center Hill Dam (1951) on Caney Fork, southeast of Carthage. Old Hickory Dam, upstream from Nashville, ponds the water to Carthage, the head of navigation on the river. Cheatham Dam is upstream from Clarksville. Barkley Dam (in operation since 1966) controls the lower river.

      Fort Donelson National Military Park, in northern Tennessee on the Cumberland, commemorates the American Civil War battle that opened the Tennessee River to Union troops.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cumberland River — Cumberland (rivière) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cumberland. Cumberland ((en) Cumberland River) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cumberland River — Einzugsgebiet des Cumberland Rivers Daten Gewässerkennzahl …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cumberland River — Cumberland Cumberland, Cumberland River Cumberland Riverprop. n. a tributary of the Ohio River. Syn: . [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cumberland River —   [ kʌmbələnd rɪvə], linker Nebenfluss des Ohio, USA, 1 158 km lang; entspringt im Cumberlandplateau und mündet bei Smithland; mehrere Staudämme zur Hochwasserkontrolle und Energiegewinnung …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Cumberland River — This article is about the American river. For the river in Australia, see Cumberland River (Victoria). Cumberland River Canoers on the Cumberland River upstream from Cumberland Falls Origin …   Wikipedia

  • Cumberland River — river, Kentucky and Tennessee; flows to Ohio River …   Webster's Gazetteer

  • Cumberland River — noun a river that rises in southeastern Kentucky and flows westward through northern Tennessee to become a tributary of the Ohio River in southwestern Kentucky • Syn: ↑Cumberland • Instance Hypernyms: ↑river • Part Holonyms: ↑Kentucky, ↑Bluegrass …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cumberland River — n. river flowing from south Kentucky and northern Tennessee and emptying into the Ohio River (USA) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Cumberland River (Georgia) — Cumberland River Origin Georgia Basin countries United States The Cumberland River is a 15 mile long (24 km)[1] tidal channel in the U.S. state of Georgia. It forms the northern half of the waterway that separates Cumberla …   Wikipedia

  • Cumberland River (Victoria) — Cumberland River Basin countries Victoria, Australia The Cumberland River is a river in southwestern Victoria, Australia. It arises in the Otway Ranges and it enters Bass Strait to the east of Cape Otway and to the south of the town of Lorne. The …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.