Cruveilhier, Jean

born Feb. 9, 1791, Limoges, Fr.
died March 10, 1874, Sussac

French pathologist and anatomist.

He published a series of multivolume works on the anatomy of disease. The greatest, the beautifully illustrated Pathological Anatomy of the Human Body (2 vol., 1829–42), contains the first description of multiple sclerosis, depictions of gastric ulcer, and an early account of progressive muscular atrophy.

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▪ French pathologist
born Feb. 9, 1791, Limoges, France
died March 10, 1874, Sussac

      French pathologist, anatomist, and physician who wrote several important works on pathological anatomy.

      Cruveilhier trained in medicine at the University of Montpellier and in 1825 became professor of anatomy at the University of Paris. He became the first occupant of the chair of pathology at Paris when that teaching post was established in 1836. Cruveilhier possessed a broad knowledge of morbid anatomy and published a series of multivolume works on the subject. The greatest of these, an atlas of pathology titled Anatomie pathologique du corps humain, 2 vol. (1829–42; “Pathological Anatomy of the Human Body”), had many coloured illustrations whose beauty remains unrivaled in the history of medical illustration. In the Anatomie pathologique Cruveilhier gave the first description of multiple sclerosis, depicted several cases of gastric ulcer, and left an early account of progressive muscular atrophy, which is sometimes called Cruveilhier's atrophy, or Cruveilhier's disease. His name is included in the (French) medical names for congenital cirrhosis of the liver and for stomach ulcers caused by excess acid.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Cruveilhier, Jean — (9 feb. 1791, Limoges, Francia–10 mar. 1874, Sussac). Patólogo y anatomista francés. Publicó una serie de estudios sobre la anatomía de las enfermedades, en varios volúmenes. El más extenso y bellamente ilustrado, Anatomie pathologique du corps… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • jean — jeaned, adj. /jeen/ or, for 1, Brit. formerly /jayn/, n. 1. Sometimes, jeans. a sturdy twilled fabric, usually of cotton. 2. jeans, (used with a pl. v.) a. See blue jeans. b. pants of various fabrics, styled or constructed like blue jeans. Cf.… …   Universalium

  • Jean — Fr. /zhahonn/ for 1, 2; /jeen/ for 3, n. 1. born 1921, Grand Duke of Luxembourg since 1964. 2. a male given name, form of John. 3. a female given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Jean François Gravelet Jean Boulogne Jean Baptiste Poquelin… …   Universalium

  • jean — altjean o yin/alt (voz inglesa) ► masculino Pantalón de tela muy resistente, generlamente de color, con costuras vistas. También jeans o yins para referirse a una sola prenda. * * * (as used in expressions) Agassiz, (Jean) Louis (Rodolphe)… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jean Cruveilhier — 1837, estampe gravée par Nicolas Eustache Maurin Jean Cruveihlier (1791 1874) est un médecin français, chirurgien des Hôpitaux, membre de l’Académie de Médecine, qui fut le premier titulaire de la chaire d’anatomo pathologie de la Faculté de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean Cruveilhier — (born 1791 in Limoges, France; died 1874 in Sussac) was a French anatomist.He was educated at the University of Paris, where in 1825 he succeeded Pierre Augustin Béclard (1785 1825) as professor of anatomy. In 1836 he relinquished the chair of… …   Wikipedia

  • Cruveilhier–Baumgarten disease — Cruveilhier Baumgarten disease or Pégot Cruveilhier Baumgarten disease is a rare medical condition in which the umbilical or paraumbilical veins are distended, with an abdominal wall bruit (the Cruveilhier Baumgarten bruit) and palpable thrill,… …   Wikipedia

  • Cruveilhier — (spr. Krüwelljeh), Jean, geb. 1791 in Limoges, war Professor der chirurgischen Pathologie in Montpellier, dann Professor der pathologischen Anatomie an der medicinischen Facultät in Paris, seit 1836 Oberarzt u. Director des Hospice de la… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cruveilhier — (spr. krüwäjĭē), Jean, Mediziner, geb. 9. Febr. 1791 in Limoges, gest. 6. März 1874 in Iussac, studierte in Paris, ging 1824 als Professor der chirurgischen Pathologie nach Montpellier, ward 1836 Professor der pathologischen Anatomie an der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cruveilhier — (frz. Krüwäljeh), Jean, Professor an der medicinischen Facultät zu Paris und Oberarzt am Spital der Charité, geb. 1791 zu Limoges. 1816 schrieb er sein »Essai sur lʼanatomie pathologique«, ward 1825 Prof. der Anatomie zu Paris und später Oberarzt …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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