Cruikshank, George

born , Sept. 27, 1792, London, Eng.
died Feb. 1, 1878, London

English painter, illustrator, and caricaturist.

His series of political caricatures for The Scourge (1811–16) established him as the leading political cartoonist of his generation, and he continued to satirize the policies of the Tories and Whigs in political cartoons until с 1825. In the 1820s and '30s he produced book illustrations, notably for Charles Dickens's Sketches by "Boz" (1836) and Oliver Twist (1838). In later life he embraced the cause of temperance with his series The Bottle (1847) and The Drunkard's Children (1848).

Cruikshank's "Mr. Bumble and Mrs. Corney," illustration for Oliver Twist by ...

Mary Evans Picture Library

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▪ British artist
born , September 27, 1792, London, England
died February 1, 1878, London

      English artist, caricaturist, and illustrator who, beginning his career with satirical political cartoons and later illustrating topical and children's books, became one of the most prolific and popular masters of his art.

 His father was Isaac Cruikshank (1756?–1811), a popular illustrator and caricaturist. In 1811, when George was still in his teens, he gained popular success with a series of political caricatures that he created for the periodical The Scourge, a Monthly Expositor of Imposture and Folly. This publication lasted until 1816, during which time Cruikshank came to rival James Gillray (Gillray, James), the leading English caricaturist of the preceding generation. For the next 10 years Cruikshank satirized with fine irreverence the political policies of the Tories and the Whigs.

 Although Cruikshank continued to publish political cartoons in periodicals and separately until about 1825, he began to do book illustrations as well in 1820. In these he showed his more genial side. It is estimated that he illustrated more than 850 books, and he was one of the first artists to provide humorous, spirited illustrations in books for children. Perhaps his most famous book illustrations were for the novelist Charles Dickens (Dickens, Charles) in the latter's Sketches by “Boz” (1836–37) and Oliver Twist (1838). Cruikshank published a number of books himself, notably his serial The Comic Almanack (1835–53). In the late 1840s he became an enthusiastic propagandist for temperance, publishing a series of eight plates entitled The Bottle (1847) and its sequel, eight plates of The Drunkard's Children (1848). Between 1860 and 1863 he painted a huge canvas titled The Worship of Bacchus.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cruikshank,George — Cruik·shank (kro͝okʹshăngk ), George. 1792 1878. British caricaturist and illustrator of the works of Charles Dickens and other novelists. * * * …   Universalium

  • Cruikshank, George — (9/27/1792 London 2/1/1878 London) (England)    Caricaturist and painter. Trained by his father. Apprenticed by completing works by James Gillray. He earned his living with book illustrations and sold caricatures to magazines and newspapers. Like …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Cruikshank, George — (27 sep. 1792, Londres, Inglaterra–1 feb. 1878, Londres). Pintor, ilustrador y caricaturista inglés. Su serie de caricaturas políticas para The Scourge (1811–16) lo situaron como el caricaturista político líder de su generación. Siguió… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • CRUIKSHANK, GEORGE —    a richly gifted English artist, born in London, of Scotch descent; the first exhibition of his talent was in the illustration of books for children, but it was in the line of humorous satire he chiefly distinguished himself; and he first found …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Cruikshank, George —  (1792–1878) English cartoonist and illustrator …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • George Cruikshank — Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • CRUIKSHANK (G.) — CRUIKSHANK GEORGE (1792 1878) Fils et frère d’artistes qui ont consacré une part non négligeable de leur activité à la caricature, George Cruikshank clôt la grande période de la caricature anglaise qui débuta avec Hogarth et se poursuivit avec… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • George — George, David Lloyd George, Henry George, Pierre George, Stefan * * * (as used in expressions) Aberdeen, George Hamilton Gordon, 4 conde de George William Russell Akerlof, George A. Alexander, Harold (Rupert Leofric George) Alexander, 1 conde… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • George Cruikshank — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cruikshank. Auto portrait de George Cruikshank George Cruikshank (Londres, 27 septembre 179 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • George Cruikshank — …   Wikipedia

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