Crompton, Samuel

born Dec. 3, 1753, Firwood, Lancashire, Eng.
died June 26, 1827, Bolton, Lancashire

British inventor.

His spinning mule (probably called a mule because it was a cross between inventions of Richard Arkwright and James Hargreaves) permitted large-scale manufacture of high-quality thread and yarn by simultaneously drawing out and giving the final twisting to the cotton fibres fed into it, reproducing mechanically the actions of hand spinning.

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▪ British inventor

born Dec. 3, 1753, Firwood, near Bolton, Lancashire, Eng.
died June 26, 1827, Bolton
 British inventor of the spinning mule, which permitted large-scale manufacture of high-quality thread and yarn.

      As a youth Crompton spun cotton on a spinning jenny for his family; its defects inspired him to try to invent a better device. In 1779, after devoting all his spare time and money to the effort, he produced a machine that simultaneously drew out and gave the final twisting to the cotton fibres fed into it, reproducing mechanically the actions of hand spinning. Probably the machine was called a mule because it was a cross between the machines invented by Sir Richard Arkwright and James Hargreaves.

      Demand for Crompton's yarn was heavy, but he could not afford a patent. He therefore revealed the machine's secret to a number of manufacturers on the promise that they would pay him. All he received was £60. Years later (in 1812), when there were at least 360 mills using 4,600,000 mule spindles, Parliament granted him £5,000. He used it to enter business, unsuccessfully, first as a bleacher and then as a cotton merchant and spinner.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Crompton, Samuel — SUBJECT AREA: Textiles [br] b. 3 December 1753 Firwood, near Bolton, Lancashire, England d. 26 June 1827 Bolton, Lancashire, England [br] English inventor of the spinning mule. [br] Samuel Crompton was the son of a tenant farmer, George, who… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Crompton,Samuel — Cromp·ton (krŏmpʹtən), Samuel. 1753 1827. British inventor of the spinning mule (1779). * * * …   Universalium

  • Crompton, Samuel — ► (1753 1827) Mecánico británico. Inventor de la máquina de hilar algodón. * * * (3 dic. 1753, Firwood, Lancashire, Inglaterra–26 jun. 1827, Bolton, Lancashire). Inventor británico. Su hiladora spinning mule (probablemente llamada mula porque era …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • CROMPTON, SAMUEL —    inventor of the spinning mule, born near Bolton; for five years he worked at his project, and after he got it into shape was tormented by people prying about him and trying to find out his secret; at last a sum was raised by subscription to… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Crompton — Crompton, Samuel …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Samuel Crompton — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Samuel Crompton. Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Samuel Crompton — Samuel Crompton. Samuel Crompton (* 3. Dezember 1753 in Firwood Fold, nahe Bolton in England; † 26. Juni 1827 in Bolton) war britischer Erfinder und erfand 1779 die Spinnmaschine Spinning Mule. Crompton begann im Alter von 15 Jahren mit der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Samuel — samuel. m. C. Rica. Acción de samuelear. || echar un samuel. fr. C. Rica. samuelear. * * * Samuel, Herbert Louis (Šemū´ēl) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Samuel Crompton — For the politician, see Sir Samuel Crompton, 1st Baronet. Samuel Crompton Born 3 December 1753(1753 12 03) 10 Firwood Fold, Bolton, Lancashire, England …   Wikipedia

  • Samuel Crompton — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Crompton. Samuel Crompton Samuel Crompton (1753 1827) inventa une machine à filer le coton qui permit d’obtenir un fil à la fois fin et résistant, la mule jenn …   Wikipédia en Français

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