Constantine IX Monomachus
born с 980died Jan. 11, 1055Byzantine emperor (1042–55).He gained the imperial throne by marrying Zoe, empress of the Macedonian dynasty. An opponent of the great military leaders, he neglected imperial defenses, instead spending extravagantly on luxuries and magnificent buildings. Rebellions broke out at home and abroad, and Byzantine lands were threatened by invaders in southern Italy, Thrace, Macedonia, and Armenia. Constantine tried to ally with the papacy to save southern Italy from the Normans, but growing differences between Rome and Constantinople resulted in the Schism of 1054.
* * *▪ Byzantine emperorborn c. 980died Jan. 11, 1055Byzantine emperor from 1042 to 1055.Constantine owed his elevation to Zoe, the empress of the Macedonian dynasty, who took him as her third husband. Constantine belonged to the civil party, the opponents of the military magnates, and he neglected the defenses of the empire and reduced the army. He spent extravagant sums on luxuries and magnificent buildings and seriously debased the coinage. Rebellions broke out at home and abroad; the Normans were overrunning the Byzantine possessions in south Italy; the Pechenegs (Patzinaks) crossed the Danube River and attacked Thrace and Macedonia; and the Seljuq Turks made their appearance on the Armenian frontier, which was directly exposed to attack, as the Armenian kingdom of Ani lapsed to Constantinople during this reign.Constantine attempted to ally with the papacy against the Normans, but relations between the churches of Rome and Constantinople deteriorated. In 1054 (1054, Schism of) the visit of the papal legates resulted in schism. Though he was not outstanding for his statesmanship, it was under his auspices that the University of Constantinople was reorganized, with an efflorescence of learning and letters.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Constantine IX Monomachos — Constantine IX Κωνσταντῖνος Θ΄ Μονομάχος Emperor of the Byzantine Empire A mosaic in Hagia … Wikipedia
Constantine — /kon steuhn teen / or, for 1, 3, / tuyn /; for 2, 3, also Fr. /kawonn staonn teen /, n. 1. died A.D. 715, pope 708 715. 2. a city in NE Algeria. 1,682,000. 3. a male given name. * * * I ancient Cirta City (pop., 1998: 807,371), northeastern… … Universalium
Constantine Africanus — • A medieval medical writer and teacher; born c. 1015; died c. 1087 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Constantine Africanus Constantine Africanus … Catholic encyclopedia
Hagia Sophia — For other uses, see Hagia Sophia (disambiguation). Aghia Sophia redirects here. For the steamship, see SS Aghia Sophia. Hagia Sophia Ayasofya (Turkish) Ἁγία Σοφία (Greek) Sancta Sophia (Latin) … Wikipedia
Armenia — /ahr mee nee euh, meen yeuh/; for 3 also Sp. /ahrdd me nyah/, n. 1. an ancient country in W Asia: now divided between Armenia, Turkey, and Iran. 2. Also called, Armenian Republic. a republic in Transcaucasia, S of Georgia and W of Azerbaijan.… … Universalium
Eastern Orthodoxy — the faith, practice, membership, and government of the Eastern Orthodox Church. * * * officially Orthodox Catholic Church One of the three major branches of Christianity. Its adherents live mostly in Greece, Russia, the Balkans, Ukraine, and the… … Universalium
Zoe — /zoh ee, zoh/, n. a female given name: from a Greek word meaning life. Also, Zoë. * * * born с 978, Constantinople died 1050, Constantinople Byzantine empress. The daughter of Constantine VIII, she married Romanus III Argyrus in 1028. He died in… … Universalium
Monomakh's Cap — Russian regalia used prior to the Great Imperial Crown. The crown … Wikipedia
Byzantine Empire — the Eastern Roman Empire after the fall of the Western Empire in A.D. 476. Cap.: Constantinople. * * * Empire, southeastern and southern Europe and western Asia. It began as the city of Byzantium, which had grown from an ancient Greek colony… … Universalium
The Byzantine Empire — The Byzantine Empire † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Byzantine Empire The ancient Roman Empire having been divided into two parts, an Eastern and a Western, the Eastern remained subject to successors of Constantine, whose capital was at … Catholic encyclopedia