Coleman, (Randolph Denard) Ornette

born March 9, 1930, Fort Worth, Texas, U.S.

U.S. saxophonist and composer, the principal initiator and leading exponent of free jazz.

Coleman began playing the saxophone as a teenager and soon became a working musician in dance bands and rhythm-and-blues groups. He abandoned harmonic patterns in order to improvise more directly upon melodic and expressive elements; because the tonal centres of such music changed at the improviser's will, it became known as "free jazz." His organized collective improvisation in such recordings as Free Jazz (1960) placed him firmly in the jazz avant-garde. In the 1970s he began composing orchestral music and also formed an electric band called Prime Time, with which he was active until the 1990s.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Coleman, (Randolph Denard) Ornette — (n. 9 mar. 1930, Fort Worth, Texas, EE.UU.). Saxofonista y compositor estadounidense, primer y principal exponente del free jaz. Empezó a tocar el saxofón en su adolescencia y pronto se convirtió en un músico profesional en orquestas de música… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Coleman — Coleman, William, llamado Bill * * * (as used in expressions) Coleman, (Randolph Denard) Ornette Hawkins, Coleman (Randolph) Young, Coleman …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Coleman — /kohl meuhn/, n. 1. Ornette /awr net /, born 1930, U.S. jazz saxophonist and composer. 2. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Coleman Randolph Denard Ornette Hawkins Coleman Randolph Young Coleman * * * …   Universalium

  • Randolph — /ran dolf, deuhlf/, n. 1. A(sa) Philip, 1889 1979, U.S. labor leader: president of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters 1925 68. 2. Edmund Jennings /jen ings/, 1753 1813, U.S. statesman: first U.S. Attorney General 1789 94; Secretary of State… …   Universalium

  • Randolph — (as used in expressions) Caldecott, Randolph Churchill, Randolph (Henry Spencer), Lord Coleman, (Randolph Denard) Ornette Hawkins, Coleman (Randolph) Hearst, William Randolph Randolph, A(sa) Philip Randolph, Edmund Jennings Randolph, John …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Coleman, Ornette — ▪ 1994        I believe music is really a free thing, said Ornette Coleman, and any way you can enjoy it, you should. When Coleman burst upon the jazz scene in 1959, there were two reasons for the sensation he caused. First, there was the… …   Universalium

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