Clay, Cassius Marcellus

born Oct. 19, 1810, Madison county, Ky., U.S.
died July 22, 1903, Whitehall, Ky.

U.S. abolitionist and politician.

The son of a slaveholder and a relative of Henry Clay, he was strongly influenced by the abolitionist ideas of William Lloyd Garrison. In 1845 he founded the antislavery publication True American in Lexington, Ky., but he was forced by opponents to move it to Cincinnati, Ohio, and then to Louisville, Ky., where it was renamed The Examiner. He helped found the Republican Party in 1854. As U.S. minister to Russia (1861–62, 1863–69), he helped negotiate the Alaska Purchase.

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▪ American journalist and politician
born October 19, 1810, Madison county, Kentucky, U.S.
died July 22, 1903, Whitehall, Kentucky
 American antislavery leader who served the abolition movement (abolitionism) in spite of his Southern background.

      Although he was the son of a slaveholder and a relative of the Kentucky senator Henry Clay, who—true to his byname (the Great Compromiser)—favoured only gradual emancipation, Cassius Clay was deeply influenced by the abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison (Garrison, William Lloyd) while he was still in college. He entered the Kentucky legislature (1835) but was defeated in 1840 on the slavery issue. He established an antislavery publication, the True American, in Lexington, Kentucky, in 1845 but was forced by attacks from proslavery Kentuckians to move it to Cincinnati, Ohio, and then to Louisville, Kentucky, where it was renamed The Examiner. Clay was one of the founders of the Republican Party in 1854. He served as U.S. minister to Russia (1861–62 and 1863–69) and helped negotiate the purchase of Alaska (1867). He left the Republican Party in order to support Horace Greeley (Greeley, Horace) in the presidential election of 1872 but supported Republican James G. Blaine (Blaine, James G.) as presidential candidate in 1884. Clay was adjudged insane shortly before his death.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Clay,Cassius Marcellus — I. Clay1 (klā), Cassius Marcellus. 1810 1903. American abolitionist and public official who was minister to Russia (1861 1862 and 1863 1869).   II. Clay2 (klā), Cassius Marcellus. See Ali, Muhammad. * * * …   Universalium

  • Clay, Cassius Marcellus — (19 oct. 1810, cond. Madison, Ky., EE.UU.–22 jul. 1903, Whitehall, Ky.). Abolicionista y político estadounidense. Hijo de un dueño de esclavos y pariente de Henry Clay, las ideas abolicionistas de William Lloyd Garrison influyeron fuertemente en… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cassius Marcellus Clay — Cassius Marcellus Clay, nicknamed The Lion of White Hall (October 19, 1810 – July 22, 1903) was an emancipationist from Madison County, Kentucky, United States, and a second cousin of famous politician Henry Clay.EmancipationistCassius Clay was a …   Wikipedia

  • Cassius Marcellus Clay — (* 19. Oktober 1810 im Madison County, Kentucky; † 22. Juli 1903 ebd.) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und Abolitionist …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cassius Marcellus Clay (politician) — This article is about the 19th century abolitionist. For the boxer born Cassius Marcellus Clay, Jr., see Muhammad Ali. Cassius Marcellus Clay Born October 19, 1810(1810 10 …   Wikipedia

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  • Cassius Marcellus Clay (disambiguation) — Cassius Marcellus Clay may refer to:* Cassius Marcellus Clay, abolitionist * Muhammad Ali, American heavyweight boxer, and also his father …   Wikipedia

  • Cassius Marcellus Clay, Sr. — Infobox Person name = Cassius Marcellus Clay, Sr. image size = caption = birth date = November 11, 1912 birth place = Jefferson County, Kentucky, U.S.A. death date = February 8, 1990 (aged 77) death place = Louisville, Kentucky, U.S.A. occupation …   Wikipedia

  • Cassius Marcellus Clay —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Muhammad Ali (boxeur).  Cassius Marcellus Clay, surnommé « Le Lion de White Hall » (The Lion of White Hall) (19 octobre 1810 – 22 juillet 1903) est militant républicain et un abolitionniste… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cassius Marcellus Clay — noun United States prizefighter who won the world heavyweight championship three times (born in 1942) • Syn: ↑Ali, ↑Muhammad Ali, ↑Cassius Clay • Instance Hypernyms: ↑prizefighter, ↑gladiator …   Useful english dictionary

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