Circassian language

Northwestern Caucasian language, with major eastern and western dialect groups.

Until the 1860s Circassian-speaking groups inhabited the entire northwestern Caucasus region, including the Black Sea coast. After the Russian conquest of the northwestern Caucasus in 1864, most Circassian-speakers immigrated to the Ottoman Empire and were eventually settled in present-day Turkey, Syria, Jordan, and Israel. Only scattered enclaves of Western Circassian-speakers stayed in Russia. A greater number of Eastern Circassians remained; most now live in Russia's northern Caucasus republics. Russian Circassian-speakers now number about 550,000; the number outside Russia is indeterminable, because many ethnic Circassians have switched to the dominant languages of their new countries.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Circassian language — may refer to: any of the Northwest Caucasian languages in a more narrow sense, the Adyghe language (West Circassian) the Kabardian language (East Circassian) the Proto Circassian language, the ancestor of the previous two This disambiguation page …   Wikipedia

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  • Circassian diaspora — The Circassian diaspora refers to the resettlement of the Circassian population, especially during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. From 1763 to 1864, the Circassians fought against the Russian Empire in the Russian Circassian War …   Wikipedia

  • language — /lang gwij/, n. 1. a body of words and the systems for their use common to a people who are of the same community or nation, the same geographical area, or the same cultural tradition: the two languages of Belgium; a Bantu language; the French… …   Universalium

  • Circassian music — refers to music of the Circassians (Cherkess), people from Northern Caucasus, Russia. Their music demonstrates their traditions and habits[citation needed]. Contents 1 Instruments 2 Dances …   Wikipedia

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  • Circassian — [ser kash′ən, sər kash′ē ən] n. 1. a member of a group of Caucasian peoples of Circassia 2. a person living in Circassia 3. the North Caucasian language spoken in Circassia adj. of Circassia or its people, language, or culture …   English World dictionary

  • Circassian — The term Circassian may refer to: Pertaining to Circassia, a formerly independent mountainous country located in the Caucasus region of Eurasia Circassian Coast, on the Black Sea Circassians or Adyghe people, a term used to designate various… …   Wikipedia

  • Circassian — /seuhr kash euhn, ee euhn/, n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Circassia. 2. a group of North Caucasian languages, including Kabardian. 3. a literary language based on the western dialects of the Circassian group. adj. 4. of or pertaining to… …   Universalium

  • Circassian — 1. noun a) A North Caucasian language spoken in Adygea (also called Adyghe or West Circassian) or Kabardino Balkaria and Karachay Cherkessia (also called Kabardian or East Circassian), Russia. b) …   Wiktionary

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