Ciompi, Revolt of the
(1378) Uprising of cloth workers and other craftsmen in Florence that brought a democratic government to power.A struggle between ruling factions triggered the rebellion, which was led by the ciompi (wool carders). The rebels demanded a more equitable fiscal policy and the right to establish guilds for those groups not already organized. They took over the government briefly, but worsening economic conditions and the combined efforts of the established guilds soon led to their ouster.
* * *▪ Florentine history(1378), insurrection of the lower classes of Florence that briefly brought to power one of the most democratic governments in Florentine history. The ciompi (“wool carders”) were the most radical of the groups that revolted, and they were defeated by the more conservative elements in Florentine society.A struggle between factions within the major ruling guilds triggered the uprising. Members of the lower classes, called upon to take part in the revolt in late June, continued to agitate on their own during the month of July. They presented a series of petitions to the Signoria (executive council of Florence) demanding a more equitable fiscal policy and the right to establish guilds for those groups not already organized. Then, on July 22, the lower classes forcibly took over the government, placing one of their members, the wool carder Michele di Lando, in the important executive office of gonfaloniere of justice. The new government, controlled by the minor guilds, was novel in that for the first time it represented all the classes of society, including the ciompi, who were raised to the status of a guild.But the ciompi were soon disillusioned. Their economic condition worsened, and the new government failed to implement all their demands. Conflicting interests of the minor guilds and the ciompi became evident. On August 31 a large group of the ciompi that had gathered in the Piazza della Signoria was easily routed by the combined forces of the major and minor guilds. In reaction to this revolutionary episode, the ciompi guild was abolished, and within four years the dominance of the major guilds was restored.
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Ciompi revolt — (1378) The Ciompi were day laborers who worked in Florence in the wool cloth industry. In 1378, they revolted for not being allowed to form a guild and hence were being deprived of political representation. They forced the government to grant… … Dictionary of Renaissance art
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Ciompi — The Revolt of the Ciompi was a popular revolt in late medieval Florence by wool carders known as ciompi (Italian pronunciation: [ˈtʃompi]), who rose up in 1378 to demand a voice in the commune s ordering. In late medieval Florence, the… … Wikipedia
Ciompi-Aufstand — Der Ciompi Aufstand (italienische Aussprache:[ˈtʃom.pi]) war ein Aufstand, der Florenz, die Stadt am Arno, in den Sommermonaten des Jahres 1378 erschütterte. Der Aufstand begann im Juni und dauerte bis Ende August an, hierbei spielten die Ciompi … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Aufstand der Ciompi — Der Ciompi Aufstand war ein Aufstand, der Florenz, die Stadt am Arno, in den Sommermonaten des Jahres 1378 erschütterte. Der Aufstand begann im Juni und dauerte bis Ende August an, hierbei spielten die Ciompi, die Florentiner Arbeiter in der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Popular revolt in late medieval Europe — Popular revolts in late medieval Europe were uprisings and rebellions by (typically) peasants in the countryside, or the bourgeois in towns, against nobles, abbots and kings during the upheavals of the 14th through early 16th centuries, part of a … Wikipedia
War of the Eight Saints — Date 1375–July 1378 Location Italian peninsula Result Peace treaty concluded at Tivoli … Wikipedia
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