Christine de Pisan

or Christine de Pizan

born 1364, Venice
died с 1430

French writer.

She was the daughter of an astrologer to Charles V and the wife of a court secretary and took up writing to support her children when she was widowed, producing 10 volumes of graceful verse, including ballads, rondeaux, lays, and complaints, many in the courtly-love tradition. Some works, both poetry and prose, champion women, notably The Book of the City of Ladies (1405). She also wrote a life of Charles V and Le Ditié de Jehanne d'Arc (1429), inspired by Joan of Arc's early victories.

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▪ French writer
born 1364, Venice [Italy]
died c. 1430
 prolific and versatile French poet and author whose diverse writings include numerous poems of courtly love, a biography of Charles V of France, and several works championing women.

      Christine's Italian father was astrologer to Charles V, and she spent a pleasant, studious childhood at the French court. At 15 she married Estienne de Castel, who became court secretary. Widowed after 10 years of marriage, she took up writing in order to support herself and her three young children. Her first poems were ballades of lost love written to the memory of her husband. These verses met with success, and she continued writing ballads, rondeaux, lays, and complaints in which she expressed her feelings with grace and sincerity. Among her patrons were Louis I, duke d'Orléans, the Duke de Berry, Philip II the Bold of Burgundy, Queen Isabella of Bavaria, and, in England, the 4th Earl of Salisbury. In all, she wrote 10 volumes in verse, including L'Épistre au Dieu d'amours (1399; “Letter to the God of Loves”), in which she defended women against the satire of Jean de Meun in the Roman de la rose.

      Christine's prose works include Le Livre de la cité des dames (1405; The Book of the City of Ladies), in which she wrote of women known for their heroism and virtue, and Le Livre des trois vertus (1405; “Book of Three Virtues”), a sequel comprising a classification of women's roles in medieval society and a collection of moral instructions for women in the various social spheres. The story of her life, L'Avision de Christine (1405), told in an allegorical manner, was a reply to her detractors. At the request of the regent, Philip the Bold of Burgundy, Christine wrote the life of the deceased king, Charles—Le Livre des fais et bonnes meurs du sage roy Charles V (1404; “Book of the Deeds and Good Morals of the Wise King Charles V”), a firsthand picture of Charles V and his court. Her eight additional prose works reveal her remarkable breadth of knowledge.

      After the disastrous Battle of Agincourt in 1415, she retired to a convent. Her last work, Le Ditié de Jehanne d'Arc (written in 1429), is a lyrical, joyous outburst inspired by the early victories of Joan of Arc (Joan of Arc, Saint); it is the only such French-language work written during Joan's lifetime.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Christine De Pisan — Christine de Pizan écrivant dans sa chambre (1407) Christine de Pizan (ou dans des textes plus anciens Christine de Pisan[1]), née à Venise en 1364 et morte au monast …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Christine de Pisan — Christine de Pizan écrivant dans sa chambre (1407) Christine de Pizan (ou dans des textes plus anciens Christine de Pisan[1]), née à Venise en 1364 et morte au monastère de Poissy vers 1430, es …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Christine de Pisan — Nacimiento 1364 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Christine de Pisan — • Biography, including a list of her major poetic and historical works Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Christine de Pisan     Christine de Pisan      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Christine de Pisan — Christine de Pizan mit ihrem Sohn, Jean de Castel Christine de Pizan bzw. de Pisan (* 1365 in Venedig; † nach 1430, vermutlich in Poissy) war eine französische Schriftstellerin. Sie gilt als die erste Autorin der französischen Literatur, die von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CHRISTINE DE PISAN — (1365 1431) Fille d’un astrologue italien venu se mettre au service de Charles V, mariée à un secrétaire du roi, veuve dix années plus tard (à vingt cinq ans), Christine doit lutter pour vivre et faire vivre sa famille. Elle est heureusement… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Christine de Pisan — Christine de Pizan, Christine de Pisan o Cristina de Pisa (1364 en Venecia hacia 1430 en el monasterio de Poissy) era una filósofa y poetisa. * * * o Christine de Pizan (1364, Venecia – 1430). Escritora francesa. Era hija del astrólogo de Carlos… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Christine de Pisan — (spr. sang), franz. Dichterin, geb. um 1363 in Venedig, gest. um 1431 im Kloster Poissy, wohin sie sich 1418 zurückgezogen hatte, kam 1368 mit ihrem Vater, der als Astronom berufen war, an den Hof König Karls V. Schon mit 15 Jahren an Etienne du… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Christine de Pisan —   [kristindəpi zã], französische Dichterin, * Venedig 1365, ✝ nach 1429; lebte vom Ertrag ihrer Werke, die sie hoch gestellten Persönlichkeiten (u. a. Philipp dem Kühnen von Burgund) widmete und trat 1418 in ein Kloster ein. Neben einer großen… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Christine de Pisan — (ca. 1363 ca. 1430)    writer, humanist    Born in Venice, Italy, Christine de Pisan spent her childhood at the court of King charles v of France and later wrote his biography (Le Livre des faits et bonnes moeurs du roi Charles, 1405). Widowed at …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

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