Cheselden, William

born Oct. 19, 1688, Somerby, Leicestershire, Eng.
died April 10, 1752, Bath, Somersetshire

British surgeon and teacher.

His Anatomy of the Human Body (1713) and Osteographia (1733) were both used by anatomy students for nearly a century. His technique for extracting bladder stones through an incision in the side rather than the front (1727) was soon used by surgeons throughout Europe. He also devised a way to surgically create an "artificial pupil" to treat some forms of blindness.

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▪ British surgeon and teacher
born Oct. 19, 1688, Somerby, Leicestershire, Eng.
died April 10, 1752, Bath, Somersetshire

      British surgeon and teacher of anatomy and surgery who wrote Anatomy of the Human Body (1713) and Osteographia, or the Anatomy of the Bones (1733). The former was used as a text by anatomy students for nearly a century.

      Cheselden was apprenticed to a Mr. Wilkes, surgeon of Leicester. He also studied under the anatomist William Cowper in 1703 and under James Ferne, a surgeon and lithotomist (specialist in removal of bladder stones) at St. Thomas' Hospital. By 1711 he was already established as a lecturer in anatomy. Cheselden was named assistant surgeon at St. Thomas' in 1718 and was elected one of the institution's principal surgeons the following year. Queen Caroline appointed him to be her surgeon in 1727. In 1733 he published Osteographia, an atlas of the bones of the human body that was widely celebrated for the beauty and accuracy of its illustrations.

      Cheselden was known for his swift and skillful operations; it was reported that he could perform a lithotomy in 54 seconds. He was, in 1727, the first surgeon to extract bladder stones using the lateral (rather than the suprapubic) approach, a technique invented by him and soon used by surgeons throughout Europe. The following year he surgically restored a blind man's vision and devised a method of treatment for some forms of blindness in which an opening, created by surgery, functioned as an “artificial pupil.”

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cheselden, William — (19 oct. 1688, Somerby, Leicestershire, Inglaterra–10 abr. 1752, Bath, Somersetshire). Cirujano y profesor británico. Sus obras Anatomy of the Human Body [Anatomía del cuerpo humano] (1713) y Osteographia [Osteografía] (1733) fueron usadas… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • CHESELDEN, WILLIAM —    an English anatomist and surgeon, whose work, Anatomy of the Human Body, was long used as a text book on that science (1688 1752) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Cheselden — William Cheselden William Cheselden (* 19. Oktober 1688 in Somerby, Leicestershire; † 10. April 1752 in Bath, Somerset) war ein englischer Chirurg, Urologe and Anatom, der großen Anteil an der Etablierung der Chirurgie als medizinische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Cheselden — (* 19. Oktober 1688 in Somerby, Leicestershire; † 10. April 1752 in Bath, Somerset) war ein englischer Chirurg, Urologe and Anatom, der großen Anteil an der Etablierung der Chirurgie als medizinische Wissenschaft hat …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Cheselden — (19 octobre 1688, Somerby, Leicestershire 10 avril 1752, Bath), chirurgien anglais. Il était chirurgien de l hôpital de Ohelsea. On lui doit des traités estimés sur l anatomie (1713), sur la Taille de la pierre (1723), sur l O …   Wikipédia en Français

  • William Cheselden — Infobox Scientist name = PAGENAME box width = image size =150px caption = PAGENAME birth date = October 19, 1688 birth place = Somerby, Leicestershire death date = April 10, 1752 death place = Bath residence = citizenship = nationality = English… …   Wikipedia

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  • Cheselden — (spr. Tschifeld n), William, geb. 1688 zu Sowerby in Leicester, erster Chirurg des Thomashospitals u. Leibchirurg der Königin, berühmter Steinoperateur; st. 1752 in London; er schr.: The anatomy of the human body, Lond. 1713, uö. (deutsch von… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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