- Popular U.S. educational and cultural movement founded in 1874.It began as a training assembly for Sunday-school teachers at Chautauqua Lake, N.Y., but gradually spread to various circuit "chautauquas" and broadened in scope to include general education and popular entertainments, many of which incorporated religious themes. Outstanding speakers were brought in for summer lectures and classes. The movement declined after reaching a peak in 1924 (though the Chautauqua Institution still holds meetings), but its legacy contributed to the growth of community colleges and continuing education programs. See also lyceum movement.
* * *▪ American educationpopular U.S. movement in adult education that flourished during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The original Chautauqua Lake Sunday School Assembly in western New York, founded in 1874 by John H. Vincent and Lewis Miller, began as a program for the training of Sunday-school teachers and church workers. At first entirely religious in nature, the program was gradually broadened to include general education, recreation, and popular entertainment. In later years the summer lectures and classes were supplemented by a year-round nondenominational course of directed home reading and correspondence study. William Rainey Harper (Harper, William Rainey), later the founding president of the University of Chicago, directed the Chautauqua educational system for several years starting in 1883.The success of the Chautauqua, N.Y., assembly led to the founding of many similar “chautauquas” throughout the United States patterned after the original institution. By 1900 there were hundreds of “tent” chautauquas and nearly 150 independent chautauquas with permanent lecture halls, many of which continued the tradition of the lyceum movement. Although the remote chautauquas began to decline after their peak year in 1924, the original institution at Chautauqua remained in existence, offering a diversified program that included symphony concerts, operas, plays, university summer school courses, and lectures.
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Chautauqua (disambiguation) — Chautauqua is an Iroquois word, meaning either two moccasins tied together , bag tied at the middle , where the fish are taken out or jumping fish. The term may refer to: Contents 1 Adult education 2 Places … Wikipedia
Chautauqua Tower — U.S. National Register of Historic Places … Wikipedia
Chautauqua — This article is about the adult education movement. For other uses of Chautauqua, see Chautauqua (disambiguation). Chautauqua ( /ʃəˈ … Wikipedia
Chautauqua — /sheuh taw kweuh, cheuh /, n. 1. Lake, a lake in SW New York. 18 mi. (29 km) long. 2. a village on this lake: summer educational center. 3. an annual educational meeting, originating in this village in 1874, providing public lectures, concerts,… … Universalium
Chautauqua, New York — This article is about the town in New York. For other uses of Chautauqua, see Chautauqua (disambiguation). Chautauqua Town … Wikipedia
movement — /moohv meuhnt/, n. 1. the act, process, or result of moving. 2. a particular manner or style of moving. 3. Usually, movements. actions or activities, as of a person or a body of persons. 4. Mil., Naval. a change of position or location of troops… … Universalium
chautauqua — [tʃɔ: tɔ:kwə, ʃ ] noun N. Amer. historical a cultural programme for adults that combined lectures with music and theatre. Origin C19: named after Chautauqua, a county in New York State, where the movement originated … English new terms dictionary
Colorado Chautauqua — U.S. National Register of Historic Places U.S. National Historic Landmark District … Wikipedia
lyceum movement — Form of adult education popular in the U.S. during the mid 19th century. The lyceums were voluntary local associations that sponsored lectures and debates on topics of current interest. The first was founded in 1826, and by 1834 there were… … Universalium
Lyceum movement — The lyceum movement in the United States was a trend in architecture inspired by (or at least named for) Aristotle s Lyceum in ancient Greece. (The Lyceum was the school outside Athens where he taught, 335–332 BC.) Lyceums in the sense of… … Wikipedia