born Nov. 29, 1825, Paris, Fr.died Aug. 16, 1893, MorvanFrench medical teacher and clinician.With Guillaume Duchenne (b. 1806d. 1875) he is considered the founder of modern neurology. In 1882 he opened Europe's greatest neurological clinic of the day. An extraordinary teacher, he was known for his work with hysteria and hypnosis, which influenced many students, including Sigmund Freud. He described the symptoms of locomotor ataxia and the disintegration of ligaments and joint surfaces it causes (Charcot disease, Charcot joint), pioneered the linking of brain sites with specific functions, and discovered miliary aneurysms in the brain.
* * *▪ French neurologistborn Nov. 29, 1825, Paris, Francedied Aug. 16, 1893, Morvanfounder (with Guillaume Duchenne) of modern neurology and one of France's greatest medical teachers and clinicians.Charcot took his M.D. at the University of Paris in 1853 and three years later was appointed physician of the Central Hospital bureau. He then became a professor at the University of Paris (1860–93), where he began a lifelong association with the Salpêtrière Hospital, Paris (1862); there, in 1882, he opened what was to become the greatest neurological clinic of the time in Europe. A teacher of extraordinary competence, he attracted students from all parts of the world. In 1885 one of his students was Sigmund Freud (Freud, Sigmund), and it was Charcot's employment of hypnosis in an attempt to discover an organic basis for hysteria that stimulated Freud's interest in the psychological origins of neurosis.In his study of muscular atrophy, Charcot described the symptoms of locomotor ataxia, a degeneration of the dorsal columns of the spinal cord and of the sensory nerve trunks. He was also first to describe the disintegration of ligaments and joint surfaces (Charcot's disease, or Charcot's joint (neurogenic arthropathy)) caused by locomotor ataxia and other related diseases or injuries. He conducted pioneering research in cerebral localization, the determination of specific sites in the brain responsible for specific nervous functions, and he discovered miliary aneurysms (dilation of the small arteries feeding the brain), demonstrating their importance in cerebral hemorrhage.Charcot's writings include Leçons sur les maladies du système nerveux, 5 vol. (1872–83; Lectures on the Diseases of the Nervous System) and Leçons du mardi à la Salpêtrière (1888; “Tuesday Lessons at the Salpêtrière”).
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CHARCOT Jean Martin — (1825 1893) (retrato) [véase http://www.iqb.es/diccio/c/ce.htm#charcotjm]: médico francés que alcanzó celebridad por sus estudios sobre la histeria y otras enfermedades neurológicas biografía [véase… … Diccionario médico
Charcot,Jean Martin — Charcot, Jean Martin. 1825 1893. French neurologist known for his research into diseases of the nervous system. Sigmund Freud was one of his pupils. * * * … Universalium
Charcot, Jean-Martin — (1825 1893) physician, neurologist Jean Martin Charcot was born and educated in Paris, where he later taught as a professor of anatomical pathology at the Salpetrière. There, where his most famous pupil would be Sigmund Freud, he opened… … France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present
Charcot , Jean-Martin — (1825–1893) French neurologist Parisian born Charcot studied medicine in his native city and received his MD in 1853. His interest in disease of the nervous system led to his appointment, in 1862, to the Salpêtrière Hospital for nervous and… … Scientists
Charcot, Jean-Martin — (1825–1893) Often incorrectly identified as a psychiatrist, Charcot was an internist and neurologist whose contributions to psychiatry were largely limited to his doctrine of hysteria. Born in Paris into the family of a wagonmaker, Charcot… … Historical dictionary of Psychiatry
Charcot, Jean-Martin — (29 nov. 1825, París, Francia–16 ago. 1893, Morvan). Profesor de medicina y clínico francés. Se le considera, junto con Guillaume Duchenne (1806–1875), el fundador de la neurología moderna. En 1882 inauguró la mayor clínica neurológica de Europa… … Enciclopedia Universal
Charcot, Jean Martin — ► (1825 93) Médico francés. Considerado el fundador de la moderna neuropatología … Enciclopedia Universal
CHARCOT, JEAN MARTIN — a French pathologist; made a special study of nervous diseases, including hypnotism, and was eminent for his works in connection therewith (1823 1893) … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Jean-Martin Charcot — Born 29 November 1825(1825 11 29) Paris, France … Wikipedia
Jean Martin Charcot — (* 29. November 1825 in Paris; † 16. August 1893 in Morvan) war ein französischer Neurologe. Er war zusammen mit Guillaume Benjamin Duchenne der Begründer der modernen Neurologie. Er war der Vater des Polarforschers Jean Baptiste Charcot. Nach… … Deutsch Wikipedia