Chapman, Maria Weston

orig. Maria Weston

born July 25, 1806, Weymouth, Mass., U.S.
died July 12, 1885, Weymouth

U.S. abolitionist.

She was principal of the Young Ladies' High School in Boston from 1828 to 1830, when she married Henry Chapman, a Boston merchant. In 1832, with 12 other women, she founded the Boston Female Anti-Slavery Society. Later she became chief assistant to William Lloyd Garrison, helping him to run the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society and to edit The Liberator, a widely circulated abolitionist publication. In 1839 she published a pamphlet arguing that the divisions among abolitionists stemmed from their disagreements over women's rights.

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▪ American abolitionist
née  Maria Weston 
born July 25, 1806, Weymouth, Massachusetts, U.S.
died July 12, 1885, Weymouth

      American abolitionist who was the principal lieutenant of the radical antislavery leader William Lloyd Garrison (Garrison, William Lloyd).

      Maria Weston spent several years of her youth living with the family of an uncle in England, where she received a good education. From 1828 to 1830 she was principal of the Young Ladies' High School in Boston. Her marriage in 1830 to Henry Grafton Chapman, a Boston merchant, brought her into abolitionist circles, and in 1832 with 12 other women she founded the Boston Female Anti-Slavery Society. In 1835, as a violent mob was about to disrupt the group's meeting, Maria Chapman uttered a statement long quoted by abolitionists: “If this is the last bulwark of freedom, we may as well die here as anywhere.”

      Chapman became chief assistant to Garrison, helping him to run the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society and to edit The Liberator, a widely-circulated abolitionist publication. In 1839 she published Right and Wrong in Massachusetts, a pamphlet that argued that the deep divisions among abolitionists stemmed from their disagreements over women's rights. From 1839 to 1842 she also edited the Non-Resistant, the publication of Garrison's New England Non-Resistance Society. Chapman raised funds for the abolition movement (abolitionism) by organizing antislavery fairs throughout New England.

      In 1836 Chapman published a collection of Songs of the Free and Hymns of Christian Freedom. In May 1838 she addressed the Anti-Slavery Convention of American Women in Philadelphia in defiance of a threatening mob. (The mob returned the next day and burned down the hall.) In 1877 she published an edition of the autobiography of the English writer Harriet Martineau, an old friend, to which she appended a lengthy memoir. The essayist and poet John Jay Chapman (Chapman, John Jay) was her grandson.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chapman, Maria Weston — orig. Maria Weston (25 jul. 1806, Weymouth, Mass., EE.UU.–12 jul. 1885, Weymouth). Abolicionista estadounidense. Fue directora del Young Ladies High School, en Boston, entre 1828 y 1830, cuando se casó con Henry Chapman, comerciante de Boston. En …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Maria Weston Chapman — Maria Weston or Maria Weston Chapman (July 24, 1806–1885) was an American abolitionist. She was elected to the executive committee of the American Anti Slavery Society in 1839 and from 1839 until 1842, she served as editor of the anti slavery… …   Wikipedia

  • Chapman — Chapman, George * * * (as used in expressions) Andrews, Roy Chapman Catt, Carrie Chapman Chapman, Frank Michler Chapman, Maria Weston …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Weston — /wes teuhn/, n. 1. Edward, 1886 1958, U.S. photographer. 2. a city in NE Massachusetts. 11,169. * * * (as used in expressions) Chapman Maria Weston Maria Weston Fuller Melville Weston Weston Edward * * * ▪ West Virginia, United States       city …   Universalium

  • María — I (Del nombre propio María, madre de Jesucristo.) ► sustantivo femenino 1 Vela blanca puesta en lo alto del tenebrario. 2 HISTORIA Antigua moneda de plata. 3 COCINA Galleta redonda y plana de composición simple: ■ para merendar hay marías y leche …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Weston — (as used in expressions) Chapman, Maria Weston Maria Weston Weston, Edward …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • chapman — chapmanship, n. /chap meuhn/, n., pl. chapmen. 1. Brit. a peddler. 2. Archaic. a merchant. [bef. 900; ME; OE ceapman (ceap buying and selling + man MAN1); c. D koopman, G Kaufmann; see CHEAP] * * * (as used in expressions) Andrews Roy Chapman… …   Universalium

  • Chapman — /chap meuhn/, n. 1. Frank Michler /mik leuhr/, 1864 1945, U.S. ornithologist, museum curator, and author. 2. George, 1559 1634, English poet, dramatist, and translator. 3. John. See Appleseed, Johnny. * * * (as used in expressions) Andrews Roy… …   Universalium

  • Weston (surname) — Weston as a surname may refer to:* Aylmer Hunter Weston (1864–1940), British general and politician * Bob Weston, American musician * Bob Weston (guitarist) (born 1947), English guitarist * Brett Weston (1911 1993), American photographer *… …   Wikipedia

  • Chapman (surname) — This article is about the surname Chapman. For other uses, see Chapman. Chapman Family name Meaning Business man or trader Chapman is a surname and perhaps an occupational surname. There is not a single agreed origin of the surname Chapman.… …   Wikipedia

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