Chamoun, Camille (Nimer)

also spelled Kamīl Shamʽūn

born April 3, 1900, Dayr al-Qamar, Leb.
died Aug. 7, 1987, Beirut

President of Lebanon (1952–58).

He reorganized government departments to increase efficiency and allowed the press and opposition groups considerable freedom. International tensions rose in 1956 when he refused to break relations with Britain and France over the Suez Crisis. In 1958, when Syria and Egypt formed the short-lived United Arab Republic, he refused pleas from Lebanon's Muslims to join. Armed rebellion broke out, and Chamoun did not seek a second presidential term. He held ministerial posts during the Lebanese civil war (1975–91).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Chamoun, Camille (Nimer) — o Kamīl Shamʽūn (3 abr. 1900, Dayr al Qamar, Líbano–7 ago. 1987, Beirut). Presidente del Líbano (1952–58). Reorganizó las reparticiones de gobierno para incrementar la eficiencia y concedió un considerable grado de libertad a la prensa y a los… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Camille — [kə mil′əkə mēl′; ] Fr [ kȧ mē′y ] n. 〚Fr < L camilla, virgin of unblemished character〛 a feminine name: also Camilla [kə mil′ə] * * * (as used in expressions) Brazza Pierre Paul François Camille Savorgnan de Chamoun Camille Nimer Chautemps …   Universalium

  • Camille — (as used in expressions) Brazza, Pierre (Paul François Camille) Savorgnan de Chamoun, Camille (Nimer) Chautemps, Camille Claudel, Camille (Rosalie) Corot, (Jean Baptiste) Camille Desmoulins, (Lucie Simplice) Camille (Benoist) Ferry, Jules… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Chamoun —   [ʃa mun], Camille Nimer, libanesischer Politiker, * Deir al Kamar (Verwaltungsgebiet Nord) 3. 4. 1900, ✝ Beirut 7. 8. 1987; maronitische Christ, Rechtsanwalt, mehrfach Minister (u. a. für Inneres, 1943/44), vertrat als Staatspräsident (1952 58) …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Naher Osten: Arabische Staaten im Sog des Ost-West-Konflikts —   Die Araber erlebten den Ausgang des Zweiten Weltkriegs in unterschiedlichen Situationen. Einige ihrer Länder Saudi Arabien und Jemen hatten dem Westen gegenüber staatliche Souveränität behauptet. Andere Ägypten, Irak, Libanon, Syrien und… …   Universal-Lexikon

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