Chambord, Henri Dieudonné d'Artois, count de

born Sept. 29, 1820, Paris, France
died Aug. 24, 1883, Frohsdorf, Austria

French nobleman, last heir of the elder branch of the house of Bourbon and, as Henry V, pretender to the French throne from 1830.

Son of the duke de Berry, he was forced to flee France in 1830 when his grandfather, Charles X, abdicated and Louis-Philippe seized the throne. In 1870, after the fall of Napoleon III, Chambord invited France to reunite under the Bourbons. For a time the restoration of the monarchy seemed possible, but Chambord's hostility toward the principles of the French Revolution undermined his support.

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Universalium. 2010.

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