Castagno, Andrea del
orig. Andrea di Bartoloborn с 1421, San Martino a Corella, Republic of Florencedied Aug. 19, 1457, FlorenceItalian painter active in Florence.Little is known of his early life, and many of his paintings have been lost. His earliest dated works are frescoes in the church of San Zaccaria in Venice (1442). In 1447 he began his greatest work, a series of monumental frescoes depicting the Last Supper and other scenes of Christ's Passion for the convent of Sant' Apollonia in Florence (now a museum). His use of pictorial illusionism and scientific perspective, as well as the powerful, sculptural form of his figures, established him as one of the most influential Renaissance painters of the 15th century.
* * *▪ Italian painterpseudonym of Andrea di Bartolo di Simoneborn c. 1419 , Castagno d'Andrea, near Florence [Italy]died Aug. 19, 1457, Florenceone of the most influential 15th-century Italian Renaissance painters, best known for the emotional power and naturalistic treatment of figures in his work.Little is known of Castagno's early life, and it is also difficult to ascertain the stages of his artistic development owing to the loss of many of his paintings and to the scarcity of documents regarding his extant works. As a youth, he was precocious. He executed a mural of Cosimo de' Medici's adversaries (rebels hanging by their heels) at the Palazzo del Podestà in Florence, earning himself the byname Andreino degli Impiccati (“Little Andrea of the Hanged Men”). It is known that he went to Venice in 1442, and frescoes in the chapel of Saint Tarasio in San Zaccaria are signed and dated by both him and Francesco da Faenza.His first notable works were a Last Supper and three scenes from the Passion of Christ—a Crucifixion, a Deposition, and a Resurrection—all executed in 1447 for the refectory of the former Convent of Sant'Apollonia in Florence, now known as the Cenacolo di Sant'Apollonia. These monumental frescoes, revealing the influence of Masaccio's pictorial illusionism and Castagno's own use of scientific perspective, received wide acclaim.In 1451 Castagno continued the frescoes at San Egidio begun earlier by Domenico Veneziano. The light tones that Castagno adopted for his outstanding St. Julian (1454–55) show Domenico's influence.In a work for a loggia of the Villa Carducci Pandalfini at Legnaia, Castagno broke with earlier styles and painted a larger-than-life–size series of Famous Men and Women, within a painted frame. In this work, Castagno displayed more than mere craftsmanship; he portrayed movement of body and facial expression, creating dramatic tension. Castagno set the figures in painted architectural niches, thus giving the impression that they are actual sculptural forms. He achieved similar force in his David with the Head of Goliath (c. 1450–55), painted on a shield. His last dated work (Florence Cathedral) is an equestrian portrait of Niccolò da Tolentino. Castagno's emotionally expressive realism was strongly influenced by Donatello, Domenico, and perhaps Piero della Francesca, and Castagno's work in turn influenced succeeding generations of Florentine painters, including Antonio del Pollaiuolo (Pollaiuolo brothers) and Sandro Botticelli (Botticelli, Sandro).Additional ReadingGeorge Martin Richter, Andrea dal Castagno (1943); Marita Horster, Andrea del Castagno: Complete Edition with a Critical Catalogue (1980).
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Castagno, Andrea del — (c. 1419 1457) Andrea del Castagno was born in the Mugello, near Florence. Little is known of his life, though Giorgio Vasari described him as a violent individual, stating that he murdered his competitor Domenico Veneziano out of envy. In the … Dictionary of Renaissance art
Castagno,Andrea del — Cas·ta·gno (kä stäʹnyō), Andrea del. 1423 1457. Florentine painter noted for his Last Supper, part of the Passion of Christ Cycle that he painted for the Church of Sant Apollonia in Florence. * * * … Universalium
Castagno, Andrea del — ► (1423? 57) Pintor italiano de la escuela florentina; se caracterizó por su realismo. Destaca su pintura de tema profano, sobre todo, la serie de Hombres y mujeres ilustres. * * * orig. Andrea di Bartolo ( 1421, San Martino a Corella, República… … Enciclopedia Universal
Castagno, Andrea del — (ca. 1423 1457) The most talented Florentine painter of the generation following Masaccio, whose style influenced him greatly. He thoroughly assimilated the techniques of perspective defined by Filippo Brunelleschi and first successfully… … Historical Dictionary of Renaissance
Andrea del Castagno — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Andrea del Castagno Fresco de Niccolò da Tolentino (1456), obra de Andrea del Castagno Nombre real Andrea di Bartolo di Bargilla … Wikipedia Español
ANDREA DEL CASTAGNO — (1390 ou 1406 ou 1421 1457) Au début du Quattrocento, divers peintres florentins élaborent un style qui brise avec ce que le Trecento, dominé par Giotto, comportait encore d’empreinte gothique. La conquête, par Masaccio, d’un espace cohérent… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Andrea del Castagno — Andrea del Castagno: Christus im Todesgrab mit Engeln, Fresko, Italien, um 1445 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Andrea Del Castagno — Niccolò da Tolentino, fresque (1456) … Wikipédia en Français
Andrea del Castagno — Andrea del Castạgno [ ɲo], italienischer Maler, * Castagno bei Florenz 1419 (?), ✝ Florenz 14. 8. 1457; beeinflusst von Donatello, Masaccio und P. Ucello; 1442 in Venedig tätig, danach in Florenz. Andrea gehört zu den Bahnbrechern der… … Universal-Lexikon
Andrea del Castagno — Niccolò da Tolentino, fresque (1456) … Wikipédia en Français