Carpaccio, Vittore

born с 1460, Venice
died 1525/26, Venice

Italian painter active in Venice.

Little is known of his early life, but the dominant influences on his work were the Bellini family and Antonello da Messina. In the 1490s he began the first of four cycles of paintings that are his greatest achievement: scenes from the life of St. Ursula, now in the Accademia, Venice; scenes from the lives of St. George, St. Jerome, and St. Tryphon (1502–07) for the Scuola di San Giorgio degli Schiavoni, Venice; and scenes from the life of the Virgin (с 1500–10) and the life of St. Stephen (1511–20). He was one of the greatest early Renaissance narrative painters of the Venetian school.

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▪ Italian painter
born c. 1460, Venice [Italy]
died 1525/26, Venice
 greatest early Renaissance narrative painter of the Venetian school.

      Carpaccio may have been a pupil of Lazzaro Bastiani, but the dominant influences on his early work were those of Gentile Bellini (Bellini, Gentile) and Antonello da Messina. About 1490 he began painting a cycle of scenes from the legend of St. Ursula (Ursula, Saint) for the Scuola di Santa Orsola, now in the Accademia in Venice. In these works he emerged as a mature artist of originality, revealing a gift for organization, narrative skill, and a command of light. The genre scene of the Dream of St. Ursula has been especially praised for its wealth of naturalistic detail.

      Carpaccio's later career can be charted in terms of three further narrative cycles. The first of these survives intact in the Scuola di San Giorgio degli Schiavoni, in Venice, and involves scenes from the life of St. Jerome (Jerome, Saint); dating from 1502, these paintings represent the climax of Carpaccio's art. A cycle of scenes from the life of the Virgin, executed after 1504 for the Scuola degli Albanesi, is now scattered. Also dispersed is the cycle of scenes from the life of St. Stephen (Stephen, Saint), painted between 1511 and 1520, that is stylistically reminiscent of his earlier works. In 1510 he executed the great altarpiece of the Presentation in the Temple for San Giobbe (now in the Accademia, Venice). His last dated works are two organ shutters for the Duomo at Capodistria (1523).

      Carpaccio's precise rendering of architecture and the luminous atmosphere of his paintings were praised by the 19th-century English critic John Ruskin (Ruskin, John). Carpaccio's panoramic depictions of pageants, processions, and other public gatherings are notable for their wealth of realistic detail, sunny colouring, and dramatic narratives. His incorporation of realistic figures into an orderly and coherent perspectival space made him a predecessor of the Venetian painters of vedute (veduta) (“townscapes”).

Additional Reading
Useful biographies of Carpaccio include Terisio Pignatti, Carpaccio: Biographical and Critical Study (1958; trans. from Italian, 1955); and Vittorio Sgarbi, Carpaccio (1994; trans. from Italian, 1979); both studies include many plates, both colour and black-and-white, of the painter's work. Patricia Fortini Brown, Venetian Narrative Painting in the Age of Carpaccio (1988), discusses Carpaccio's role in contemporary Venetian painting.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Carpaccio, Vittore — • Venetian painter whose real name was Scarpazza, b. at Venice about 1455; d. in the same city between 1523 and 1526 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Carpaccio, Vittore — (active c. 1488 1526)    Carpaccio may have studied with Gentile Bellini in Venice and, like Gentile, he catered mainly to the Venetian scuole (confraternities) and used a journalistic approach. His greatest achievement is the series he created… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • Carpaccio,Vittore — Car·pac·cio (kär päʹchē ō, chō), Vittore. 1460? 1525?. Italian painter noted for his vivid narrative series on religious subjects. * * * …   Universalium

  • Carpaccio, Vittore — ► (¿1455 1525?) Pintor italiano. En sus obras se aprecia el colorido propio de la escuela veneciana. Entre ellas: La Presentación en el templo y San Jorge. * * * (1460, Venecia–1525/26, Venecia). Pintor italiano que desarrolló su obra en Venecia …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • CARPACCIO, VITTORE —    a Venetian painter of great celebrity, particularly in his early pieces, for his truth of delineation, his fertile imagination, and his rich colouring; his works are numerous, and have nearly all of them sacred subjects; an Italian critic says …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Vittore Carpaccio —     Vittore Carpaccio     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Vittore Carpaccio     A Venetian painter whose real name was Scarpazza, b. at Venice about 1455; d. in the same city between 1523 and 1526. He was one of those Venetian masters who formed a link …   Catholic encyclopedia

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  • carpaccio — [ karpatʃ(j)o ] n. m. • 1973; mot it., du nom du peintre ♦ Plat composé de très fines tranches de filet de bœuf cru, servies avec un assaisonnement. ● carpaccio nom masculin (de Carpaccio, nom propre) Viande de bœuf crue, coupée en fines lamelles …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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