Carnot, (Nicolas-Léonard-) Sadi

born June 1, 1796, Paris, France
died Aug. 24, 1832, Paris

French scientist, known for describing the Carnot cycle.

Son of Lazare Carnot, he was an army officer most of his life. Convinced that Britain's advanced steam engines and France's inadequate use of steam were factors in Napoleon's downfall, he wrote a nontechnical essay on steam engines (1824). He subsequently developed a theory of heat engines, predicting that efficiency depends only on the temperature of the hottest and coldest parts and not on the substance (steam or any other fluid) that drives the mechanism. Though adopted slowly, his theory was eventually incorporated into the general theory of thermodynamics.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Carnot, Nicolas-Léonard-Sadi — (1796 1832)    physicist, military engineer    The son of lazare nicolas marguerite carnot, Nicolas Léonard sadi Carnot was born in Paris, where he was educated at the École polytechnique. Nicolas Carnot was responsible for first discovering the… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Carnot, Nicolas Léonard Sadi — SUBJECT AREA: Steam and internal combustion engines [br] b. 1 June 1796 Paris, France d. 24 August 1831 Paris, France [br] French laid the foundations for modern thermodynamics through his book Réflexions sur la puissance motrice du feu when he… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Carnot , Nicolas Leonard Sadi — (1796–1832) French physicist Carnot came from a distinguished Parisian political family; his father, Lazare, was a leading politician under Napoleon Bonaparte. He studied at the Ecole Polytechnique, from which he graduated in 1814. For the next… …   Scientists

  • Carnot, (Nicolas-Léonard-) Sadi — (1 jun. 1796, París, Francia–24 ago. 1832, París). Científico francés, conocido por su descripción del ciclo de Carnot. Hijo de Lazare Carnot, fue oficial de ejército durante la mayor parte de su vida. Convencido de que las avanzadas máquinas de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Carnot, Nicolas Léonard Sadi — ► (1796 1832) Físico francés, hijo de Lazare Nicolas Marguerite, fundador del segundo principio de la termodinámica …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot — (* 1. Juni 1796 in Paris; † 24. August 1832 in Paris) war ein französischer Physiker und Ingenieur, er begründete mit seiner theoretischen Betrachtung der Dampfmaschine (Carnot Prozess) einen neuen Zweig der Wissenschaft, die Thermodynamik …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot — For the 1887–1894 president of France and nephew of Nicolas Léonard, see Marie François Sadi Carnot. Sadi Carnot Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot (1796 1832) in the dress uniform of a student of the École Polytechnique …   Wikipedia

  • Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot — Para otros usos de este término, véase Carnot. Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot (París, 1 de junio de 1796 24 de agosto de 1832), normalmente llamado Sadi Carnot fue un ingeniero francés pionero en el e …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot — Sadi Carnot (physicien)  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Sadi Carnot (président). Pour les articles homonymes, voir Carnot …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot — (París, 1 de junio de 1796 id., 24 de agosto de 1832) Ingeniero y científico francés. Describió el ciclo térmico que lleva su nombre (ciclo de Carnot), a partir del cual se deduciría el segundo principio de la termodinámica. Hijo del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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