Carmona, António Oscar de Fragoso

born Nov. 24, 1869, Lisbon, Port.
died April 18, 1951, Lisbon

Portuguese general and politician.

A career officer, he rose to the rank of general by 1922. He took part in the army coup of May 1926 and became premier later that year. He ruled as a virtual dictator before calling for a plebiscite; elected president, he served from 1928 to 1951, acting as a symbol of political continuity after he named António de Oliveira Salazar premier in 1932.

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▪ Portuguese statesman
born Nov. 24, 1869, Lisbon, Port.
died April 18, 1951, Lisbon
 Portuguese general and statesman who rose to political prominence in the wake of the successful military revolt of 1926 and who, as president of Portugal from 1928 to 1951, served as a symbol of continuity during the regime (1932–68) of António de Oliveira Salazar (Salazar, António de Oliveira).

      Carmona, a graduate (1888) of the Royal Military College, had risen to the rank of general by 1922. He took part in the successful army coup of May 1926 and, after serving briefly as foreign minister, became premier in July. He named as finance minister Salazar, who soon came to overshadow Carmona himself. After a bloody rebellion had been put down in February 1927, Carmona called a plebiscite and was elected president. He named Salazar premier in 1932. In the following year a constitution for the “New State” was adopted, under which Carmona was reelected president three times (in 1935, 1942, and 1949) because Salazar's regime permitted no opposition.

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Universalium. 2010.

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