Calvino, Italo

born Oct. 15, 1923, Santiago de las Vegas, Cuba
died Sept. 19, 1985, Siena, Italy

Cuban-born Italian writer.

After early works inspired by his involvement with the Italian Resistance in World War II, he turned decisively to fantasy and allegory in the 1950s. Cosmicomics (1965) is a collection of whimsical narratives about the creation and evolution of the universe. The novels Invisible Cities (1972), The Castle of Crossed Destinies (1973), and If on a Winter's Night a Traveler (1979) use playfully innovative structures and shifting viewpoints. The Uses of Literature (1980) is a collection of essays he wrote for a left-wing journal he edited from 1959 to 1966.

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▪ Italian author
born Oct. 15, 1923, Santiago de las Vegas, Cuba
died Sept. 19, 1985, Siena, Italy

      Italian journalist, short-story writer, and novelist, whose whimsical and imaginative fables made him one of the most important Italian fiction writers in the 20th century.

      Calvino left Cuba for Italy in his youth. He joined the Italian Resistance during World War II and after the war settled in Turin, obtaining his degree in literature while working for the Communist periodical L'Unità and for the publishing house of Einaudi. From 1959 to 1966 he edited, with Elio Vittorini, the left-wing magazine Il Menabò di letteratura.

      Two of Calvino's first fictional works were inspired by his participation in the Italian Resistance: the Neorealistic novel Il sentiero dei nidi di ragno (1947; The Path to the Nest of Spiders), which views the Resistance through the experiences of an adolescent as helpless in the midst of events as the adults around him; and the collection of stories entitled Ultimo viene il corvo (1949; Adam, One Afternoon, and Other Stories).

      Calvino turned decisively to fantasy and allegory in the 1950s, producing the three fantastic tales that brought him international acclaim. The first of these fantasies, Il visconte dimezzato (1952; “The Cloven Viscount,” in The Nonexistent Knight & the Cloven Viscount), is an allegorical story of a man split in two—a good half and an evil half—by a cannon shot; he becomes whole through his love for a peasant girl. The second and most highly praised fantasy, Il barone rampante (1957; The Baron in the Trees), is a whimsical tale of a 19th-century nobleman who one day decides to climb into the trees and who never sets foot on the ground again. From the trees he does, however, participate fully in the affairs of his fellow men below. The tale wittily explores the interaction and tension between reality and imagination. The third fantasy, Il cavaliere inesistente (1959; “The Nonexistent Knight,” in The Nonexistent Knight & the Cloven Viscount), is a mock epic chivalric tale.

      Among Calvino's later works of fantasy is Le cosmicomiche (1965; Cosmicomics), a stream-of-consciousness narrative that treats the creation and evolution of the universe. In the later novels Le città invisibili (1972; Invisible Cities), Il castello dei destini incrociate (1973; The Castle of Crossed Destinies), and Se una notte d'inverno un viaggiatore (1979; If on a Winter's Night a Traveler), Calvino uses playfully innovative structures and shifting viewpoints in order to examine the nature of chance, coincidence, and change. Una pietra sopra: Discorsi di letteratura e società (1980; The Uses of Literature) is a collection of essays he wrote for Il Menabò.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Calvino, Italo — (1923–1985)    The son of two expatriate Italian university botanists, Calvino was born in Havana, Cuba, although his parents returned to Italy in 1925. Calvino began his university studies in the same field as his parents in 1941, but the war… …   Historical Dictionary of modern Italy

  • Calvino,Italo — Cal·vi·no (kăl vēʹnō, käl ), Italo. 1923 1985. Italian writer of allegorical tales, such as The Nonexistent Knight and the Cloven Viscount (1962), and science fiction, including Cosmicomics (1965). * * * …   Universalium

  • Calvino, Italo — ► (1923 85) Escritor italiano. Autor de historias neorrealistas como El sendero de los nidos de araña (1947) y El cuervo que viene el último (1949). Evolucionó hacia narraciones más fantásticas y humorísticas en su trilogía Nuestros antepasados,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Calvino, Italo — (Santiago de las Vegas, Cuba 1923 Siena 1985) narratore e saggista, fra i maggiori del Novecento, fondatore e direttore con Elio Vittorini de “Il Menabò”; librettista. collab./opere: “Agorà”, “Società”, “L’Europa Letteraria”, “Botteghe Oscure”,… …   Dizionario biografico elementare del Novecento letterario italiano

  • Calvino — Italo Calvino (* 15. Oktober 1923 in Santiago de las Vegas, Provinz Havanna, Kuba; † 19. September 1985 in Siena, Italien) war einer der bedeutendsten italienischen Schriftsteller der zweiten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts. Viele seiner Bücher sind… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Italo Calvino — und Luigi Silori von der RAI, 1958 Italo Calvino (* 15. Oktober 1923 in Santiago de las Vegas, Provinz Havanna, Kuba; † 19. September 1985 in Siena, Italien) wa …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Italo Calvino — Nombre completo Italo Giovanni Calvino Mameli Nacimiento 15 de octubre de 1923 Santiago de Las Vegas,   …   Wikipedia Español

  • Italo (desambiguación) — Italo o ítalo puede referirse a: Uno de los posibles gentilicios para referirse a Italia: italiano (más propiamente para el país actual). itálico (más propiamente, para los pueblos itálicos o las lenguas itálicas) italiota (más propiamente, un… …   Wikipedia Español

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  • Calvino — Calvino,   Italo, italienischer Schriftsteller, * Santiago de Las Vegas (bei Havanna, Kuba) 15. 10. 1923, ✝ Siena 19. 9. 1985; schloss sich 1943 der antifaschistischen Widerstandsbewegung an, war später Verlagslektor. Schrieb zunächst… …   Universal-Lexikon

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