- born 1592/93, Nancy, Fr.died March 24, 1635, NancyFrench etcher, engraver, and draftsman.He learned the technique of engraving in Rome. In 1612, at the court of the Medici family in Florence, he was employed to make pictorial records of pageants and feasts. He had a genius for caricature and the grotesque; his series of etchings The Miseries of War (1633), documenting the atrocities of the Thirty Years' War, was used as a source by Francisco de Goya. His output was prodigious; more than 1,400 etchings and 2,000 drawings survive. One of the greatest of all etchers, he was also one of the first major artists to practice the graphic arts exclusively.
* * *▪ French artistborn March–August 1592, Nancy, Francedied March 24, 1635, NancyFrench printmaker (printmaking) who was one of the first great artists to practice the graphic arts exclusively. His innovative series of prints documenting the horrors of war greatly influenced the socially conscious artists of the 19th and 20th centuries.Callot's career was divided into an Italian period (c. 1609–21) and a Lorraine (France) period (from 1621 until his death). He learned the technique of engraving under Philippe Thomassin in Rome. About 1612 he went to Florence. At that time Medici (Medici Family) patronage expended itself almost exclusively in feste, quasi-dramatic pageants, sometimes dealing in allegorical subjects, and Callot was employed to make pictorial records of these mannered, sophisticated entertainments. He succeeded in evolving a naturalistic style while preserving the artificiality of the occasion, organizing a composition as if it were a stage setting and reducing the figures to a tiny scale, each one indicated by the fewest possible strokes. This required a very fine etching technique. His breadth of observation, his lively figure style, and his skill in assembling a large, jostling crowd secured for his etchings a lasting popular influence all over Europe.Callot also had a genius for caricature and the grotesque. His series of plates of single or dual figures—for example, the Balli di Sfessania (“Dance of Sfessania”), the Caprices of Various Figures, and the Hunchbacks—are witty and picturesque and show a rare eye for factual detail.With a few exceptions, the subject matter of the etchings of the Lorraine period is less frivolous, and Callot was hardly employed at all by the court at Nancy. He illustrated sacred books, made a series of plates of the Apostles, and visited Paris to etch animated maps of the sieges of La Rochelle and the Île de Ré. In his last great series of etchings, the “small” (1632) and the “large” (1633) The Miseries and Misfortunes of War, he brought his documentary genius to bear on the atrocities of the Thirty Years' War. Callot is also well known for his landscape drawings in line and wash and for his quick figure studies in chalk.Additional ReadingHoward Daniel (ed.), Callot's Etchings (1974); Gerald Kahan, Jacques Callot: Artist of the Theatre (1976).
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Callot, Jacques — • French etcher, engraver, and painter (1592 1635) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Callot, Jacques — (1592 1635) engraver, etcher Born in Nancy, Jacques Callot is considered an important and influential innovator in both the technique and the subject matter of printmaking. He first studied in Italy, where later, as a court printmaker to… … France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present
Callot, Jacques — (c. 1592 1635) Leading figure of the school of Nancy on the Lorraine region of France. Callot came from a well to do family that was connected to the ducal court of Lorraine. He was apprenticed to a local goldsmith and, in 1608, he went to… … Dictionary of Renaissance art
Callot, Jacques — (1592 Nancy 3/24/1635 Nancy) (France) Etcher, engraver, and draughtsman. A major figure in the Mannerist style, he is considered one the finest printmakers in Western art history. Mainly known for satirical caricatures. Only produced a few… … Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators
Callot, Jacques — ► (1592 1635) Pintor, dibujante y grabador francés. Trató temas de costumbres y de paisajes. Obras: Los bohemios y Las miserias de la guerra, entre otras. * * * (1592/93, Nancy, Francia–24 mar. 1635, Nancy). Aguafuertista, grabador y dibujante… … Enciclopedia Universal
CALLOT, JACQUES — engraver and etcher, born at Nancy; his etchings, executed many of them at the instance of the Grand duke of Tuscany and Louis XIII. of France, amounted to 1600 pieces, such as those of the sieges of Breda and Rochelle, which are much admired … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Callot — Callot, Jacques … Enciclopedia Universal
Callot — Jacques Callot Jacques Callot Portrait de Jacques Callot, d après Van Dyck Naissance 1592 à Nancy Décès 24 mars 1635 à Nancy … Wikipédia en Français
Jacques Cahot — Jacques Callot Jacques Callot Portrait de Jacques Callot, d après Van Dyck Naissance 1592 à Nancy Décès 24 mars 1635 à Nancy … Wikipédia en Français
Jacques Callot — (c. 1592 1635) was a baroque printmaker and draftsman from the Duchy of Lorraine (an independent state on the North Eastern border with France). He is an important figure in the development of the old master print. He made over 1,400 brilliantly… … Wikipedia