Callaghan (of Cardiff), (Leonard) James Callaghan, Baron

born March 27, 1912, Portsmouth, Hampshire, Eng.

British politician.

A trade union official, he entered the House of Commons as a Labour Party member in 1945. He served in Labour governments as chancellor of the Exchequer (1964–67), home secretary (1967–70), and foreign secretary (1974–76) before becoming prime minister (1976–79). A moderate within his party, he tried to stem the vociferous demands of the trade unions. After a series of paralyzing labour strikes in 1978–79 (the so-called "Winter of Discontent"), his government was brought down by a parliamentary vote of no confidence. He was created a life peer in the House of Lords in 1987.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Callaghan (de Cardiff), (Leonard) James Callaghan, barón — (n. 27 mar. 1912, Portsmouth, Hampshire, Inglaterra). Político británico. Dirigente sindical, ingresó a la Cámara de los Comunes en 1945 como miembro del Partido Laborista. Participó en gobiernos laboristas como Exchequer (ministro de hacienda)… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Callaghan, James Callaghan, Baron — ▪ prime minister of United Kingdom original name in full  Leonard James Callaghan  born March 27, 1912, Portsmouth, Hampshire, England died March 26, 2005, Ringmer, East Sussex  British Labour Party politician, who was prime minister from 1976 to …   Universalium

  • James — James, Henry James, Henry James, William * * * (as used in expressions) Agee, James Anderson, (James) Maxwell Audubon, John James Baldwin, James (Arthur) Balfour (de Whittingehame), Arthur James, 1 conde Ballard, J(ames) G(raham) Barrie, Sir… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • baron — /bar euhn/, n. 1. a member of the lowest grade of nobility. 2. (in Britain) a. a feudal vassal holding his lands under a direct grant from the king. b. a direct descendant of such a vassal or his equal in the nobility. c. a member of the House of …   Universalium

  • Baron — /bann rddawonn /, n. Michel /mee shel /, (Michel Boyron), 1653 1729, French actor. * * * I Title of nobility, ranking in modern times immediately below a viscount or a count (in countries without viscounts). The wife of a baron is a baroness.… …   Universalium

  • Barón — (Probablemente del germ. *baro, hombre libre.) ► sustantivo 1 Título nobiliario que, en España, sigue en importancia al de vizconde. 2 POLÍTICA Persona importante y poderosa de un partido político: ■ se convirtió en el barón que catapultó la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • James — /jaymz/, n. 1. Also called James the Great. one of the 12 apostles, the son of Zebedee and brother of the apostle John. Matt. 4:21. 2. the person identified in Gal. 1:19 as a brother of Jesus: probably the author of the Epistle of St. James. 3.… …   Universalium

  • Leonard — /len euhrd/, n. 1. William Ellery (Channing) /el euh ree/, 1876 1944, U.S. poet, essayist, and teacher. 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning lion and hardy. * * * (as used in expressions) Baskin Leonard Bernstein Leonard Bloomfield… …   Universalium

  • Leonard — (as used in expressions) Baskin, Leonard Bernstein, Leonard Bloomfield, Leonard Leonard Alfred Schneider Callaghan (de Cardiff), (Leonard) James Callaghan, barón Calvert, Leonard Chess, Leonard Churchill, Sir Winston (Leonard Spencer) Colebrook,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Baron Callaghan of Cardiff — James Callaghan Leonard James ( Jim ) Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff, KG, PC (* 27. März 1912 in Portsmouth, Hampshire; † 26. März 2005 in East Sussex, Großbritannien) war ein britischer Politiker (Labour Pa …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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