Cabral, Amílcar

born 1921, Bafata, Portuguese Guinea
died Jan. 20, 1973, Conakry, Guinea

Guinean nationalist politician.

In 1956 he founded the Partido Africano da Independência da Guiné e Cabo Verde, which in 1962 began a war of liberation against Portuguese forces. By the late 1960s Cabral controlled much of Portuguese Guinea. He was assassinated in 1973. His half-brother, Luís de Almeida Cabral, became the first president of independent Guinea-Bissau in 1974.

* * *

▪ Guinean politician
born 1921, Bafatá, Portuguese Guinea
died Jan. 20, 1973, Conakry, Guinea

      agronomist, nationalist leader, and founder and secretary-general of the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (Partido Africano da Independência da Guiné e Cabo Verde; PAIGC), who helped lead Guinea-Bissau to independence.

      After receiving his early education in Cape Verde, Cabral pursued university studies in Lisbon, where in 1948 he helped to found the Centro de Estudos Africanos. Employed by the Portuguese colonial authorities as an agronomist, in the early 1950s he traveled widely in Guinea in order to conduct a survey of the land and its resources. In September 1956 he and five associates formed the PAIGC, and in December of that year he cofounded a liberation movement in Angola with Agostinho Neto (Neto, Agostinho).

      Cabral rapidly emerged as the leader of the PAIGC. The group organized early political resistance to the colonial power in the form of workers' strikes—calling for better wages and improved conditions; however, when the Portuguese fired on demonstrators during a dockworkers' strike in early August 1959, the need for a different approach became evident. Resistance activity was subsequently shifted to the countryside and was altered to make use of guerilla-style tactics.

      Beginning in 1962, Cabral took his party into an open war for the independence of Portuguese Guinea, and in the late 1960s Cabral was the de facto ruler of the parts of Portuguese Guinea not occupied by army units from Portugal. In 1972 he established the Guinean People's National Assembly as a step toward independence. On Jan. 20, 1973, Cabral was assassinated outside his home in Conakry, where his party had established its headquarters. In September of that year the PAIGC unilaterally declared Guinea-Bissau's independence, a status formally achieved on Sept. 10, 1974.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cabral, Amilcar — (1924–1973)    Cabral was a Guinea–Cape Verdean revolutionary who led the Partido Africano da Indepêndencia da Guiné e Cabo Verde (PAIGC) from 1959 until his death in 1973. He led the struggle against the Portuguese colonists, a struggle that… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Cabral, Amílcar — (1921, Bafatá, Guinea Portuguesa–20 ene. 1973, Conakry, Guinea). Político nacionalista de Guinea. En 1956 fundó el Partido Africano para la Independencia de Guinea y Cabo Verde (PAIGC), el cual dio inicio en 1962 a una guerra de liberación contra …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Amilcar Cabral — Amílcar Cabral Amílcar Lopes Cabral (12 septembre 1924 20 janvier 1973), Abel Djassi de son pseudonyme, est un homme politique de Guinée Bissau et des Îles du Cap Vert. Il est fondateur du Partido Africano da Independência da… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Amilcar Cabral — Amílcar Cabral auf einer DDR Briefmarke Amílcar Cabral (* 12. September 1924 in Bafatá, Guinea Bissau; † 20. Januar 1973 in Conakry Guinea) war ein kap verdischer Politiker und Unabhängigkeitskämpfer. Leben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Amílcar Cabral — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Amílcar Cabral en un sello de la extinta República Democrática Alemana Amílcar Cabral (12 de septiembre de 1924, Bafatá, Guinea Bissau 20 de enero de 1973) fue un ingenier …   Wikipedia Español

  • Amilcar Cabral International Airport — Amilcar Cabral International Airport …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CABRAL (A.) — CABRAL AMILCAR (1924 1973) Originaire des îles du Cap Vert, Amilcar Cabral, métis d’origine, réussit à faire des études agronomiques supérieures brillantes à Lisbonne où il rencontre Agostinho Neto et Mario de Andrade, futurs dirigeants du… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cabral — (Amilcar) (1921 1973) homme polit. bissau guinéen. Fondateur (1956) du parti africain pour l indép. de la Guinée portugaise et des îles du Cap Vert (P.A.I.G.C.), il dirigea, à partir de 1959, la lutte armée contre le pouvoir portugais. Ses textes …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Amílcar Cabral — 20 Pf Sondermarke der DDR Post 1978 mit Amílcar Cabral Amílcar Cabral (* 12. September 1924 in Bafatá, Guinea Bissau; † 20. Januar 1973 in Conakry, Guinea) war e …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Amilcar Cabral-Cup — Der Amílcar Cabral Cup (offiziell Copa Amílcar Cabral) ist ein seit 1979 ausgetragenes Fußballturnier für Nationalmannschaften aus Westafrika. Bis 1990 wurde das Turnier jährlich ausgetragen, seit 1991 findet es alle zwei Jahre statt. Benannt ist …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.