Bush, George W(alker)

born July 6, 1946, New Haven, Conn., U.S.

Governor of Texas (1995–2000) and 43rd president of the U.S. (from 2001).

The eldest child of George Bush, the 41st president of the U.S. (1989–93), George W. Bush attended Yale University and Harvard Business School. After spending a decade in the oil business with mixed success, he served as managing general partner of the Texas Rangers professional baseball franchise. In 1994 he was elected governor of Texas and won reelection by a landslide in 1998. In 2000 Bush captured the Republican Party presidential nomination. Despite losing the national popular vote to Al Gore by more than 500,000 votes, he gained the presidency when the U.S. Supreme Court reversed a recount order by the Florida Supreme Court, enabling him to secure a narrow majority in the electoral college (271–266). In June 2001 Bush signed into law a $1.35 trillion tax-cut bill. In foreign affairs, his administration refused to abide by the Kyoto Protocol on reducing the emission of gases responsible for the greenhouse effect, withdrew from the Treaty on the Limitation of Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems, and attempted to remove U.S. citizens from the jurisdiction of the new International Criminal Court. Following the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in New York City and the Pentagon building near Washington, D.C., in September 2001 (see September 11 attacks), the Bush administration's main priorities shifted to domestic security and counterterrorism. Bush identified Osama bin Laden and his al-Qaeda network as responsible for the attacks. In October he launched a military campaign against Afghanistan's Taliban government, which harboured bin Laden; the invasion of the country routed al-Qaeda and forced the Taliban from power. In late 2002 Bush and British Prime Minister Tony Blair accused the Iraqi government of Saddām Ḥussein of continuing to possess and develop biological, chemical, and nuclear weapons in violation of UN mandates. After failing to persuade France, Russia, and other UN Security Council members that those weapons would not be uncovered by UN weapons inspections, which had resumed in November, Bush and Blair led an attack on Iraq that toppled Ṣaddām's regime in 2003. Though no such weapons were found, fighting continued and escalated, as the United States helped Iraq pave the way for democratic elections. Bush faced a strong challenge for the presidency in 2004 by Democratic Senator John Kerry but defeated him in a close contest.

George W. Bush.

Eric Draper/White House photo

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bush, George W(alker) — (n. 6 jul. 1946, New Haven, Conn., EE.UU.). Gobernador de Texas (1995–2000) y cuadragésimo tercer presidente de EE.UU. (desde 2001). Hijo mayor de George Bush, cuadragésimo primer presidente de EE.UU. (1989–1993), estudió en la Universidad de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bush — Bush, George H. W. Bush, George H. W. * * * (as used in expressions) Bush, George (Herbert Walker) Bush, George W(alker) Bush, Vannevar …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • George — George, David Lloyd George, Henry George, Pierre George, Stefan * * * (as used in expressions) Aberdeen, George Hamilton Gordon, 4 conde de George William Russell Akerlof, George A. Alexander, Harold (Rupert Leofric George) Alexander, 1 conde… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bush — [boosh] 1. George (Herbert Walker) 1924 ; 41st president of the U.S. (1989 93) 2. George W(alker) 1946 ; 43d president of the U.S. (2001 ): son of George 3. Vannevar [və nē′vär] 1890 1974; U.S. electrical engineer & administrator …   English World dictionary

  • Bush — /boosh/, n. 1. George (Herbert Walker), born 1924, U.S. politician: vice president 1981 89; 41st president of the U.S. 1989 93. 2. George W(alker) ( Dubya ), born 1946, U.S. businessman and politician: governor of Texas 1994 2001; 43rd president… …   Universalium

  • Bush — I. biographical name George (Herbert Walker) 1924 American politician; 41st president of the United States (1989 93) II. biographical name George W(alker) 1946 son of preceding American politician; 43d president of the United States (2001 ) III.… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Bush — [[t]bʊʃ[/t]] n. 1) big George (Herbert Walker), born 1924, vice president of the U.S. 1981–89; 41st president 1989–93 2) big his son, George W(alker)( Dubya ), born 1946, U.S. politician: governor of Texas 1994–2001; 43rd president of the U.S.… …   From formal English to slang

  • Bush — /bʊʃ/ (say boosh) noun 1. George Herbert Walker, born 1924, US Republican politician; vice president of the US 1980–89; 41st president 1989–93. 2. his son, George W(alker), born 1946, US Republican politician; 43rd president of the US 2001–09 …   Australian English dictionary

  • Walker — Walker, Francis Amasa Walker, William * * * (as used in expressions) Bush, George (Herbert Walker) Bush, George W(alker) Evans, Walker Percy, Walker Walker Smith, Jr. Walker, Alice (Malsenior) Walker, Copa Walker, David Walker, James J(ohn) Jimmy …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • State Children's Health Insurance Program — The State Children s Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) – later known more simply as the Children s Health Insurance Program (CHIP)[1] – is a program administered by the United States Department of Health and Human Services that provides matching… …   Wikipedia

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