Buena Vista, Battle of
- Battle fought in 1847 near Monterrey, Mexico, in the Mexican War.A U.S. force of 5,000 commanded by Gen. Zachary Taylor and assisted by Jefferson Davis invaded northern Mexico and engaged a Mexican force of 14,000 under Gen. Antonio Santa Anna. The U.S. forces repulsed the Mexican attack, and the Mexicans retreated with 1,500 casualties. Taylor's victory helped him win the 1848 U.S. presidential election.
* * *▪ Mexican War also called Battle of Angostura(Feb. 22–23, 1847), battle fought near Monterrey, Mex., in the Mexican-American War (1846–48), the war between the United States and Mexico. A U.S. army of about 5,000 men under General Zachary Taylor (Taylor, Zachary) had invaded northeastern Mexico, taking Monterrey and Saltillo. General Antonio López de Santa Anna (Santa Anna, Antonio López de) meanwhile had gathered a force of about 14,000 troops and was marching north from San Luis Potosí to engage the invaders. Although the numbers were impressive, they were badly armed and poorly trained. When reports of the Mexican threat reached Taylor, he moved his forces on February 21 to La Angostura, near the hacienda of Buena Vista, where there is a pass between two high ranges of mountains. Taylor's communications line was cut by Mexican cavalry the next day, and the main Mexican attack began on February 23, pressing the Americans' exposed left flank facing the eastern side of the pass, which Taylor had failed to fortify. Despite the retreat of some volunteer infantry regiments, the heavy U.S. artillery fire turned back the Mexicans, and, by nightfall, they had suffered casualties of about 1,500 to Taylor's 700 (though scholarly estimates of these casualties vary widely). Leaving their campfires burning as a ruse, the Mexican army retreated during the night. Taylor did not pursue Santa Anna. It was not necessary since large numbers of sick, wounded, and dispirited soldiers deserted during the retreat. In April at the Battle of Cerro Gordo (Cerro Gordo, Battle of), Santa Anna failed to halt the invasion of another U.S. army under General Winfield Scott, who captured Mexico City in September, thus assuring a U.S. victory in the war. Taylor's victory enhanced his national reputation and helped him win the U.S. presidency in 1848.
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Buena Vista, Battle of — (1847) An important engagement of the Mexican American War (1846–1848). After the conquest of its northern provinces failed to compel the Mexican government to accept American territorial demands, U.S. President James K. Polk, in late 1846,… … Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914
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Buena Vista — [bwā′nə vis′tə, byo͞o′nə] site of a battle (1847) of the Mexican War, near Saltillo, Mexico, in which Santa Ana s army withdrew after a stalemated engagement with U.S. forces under Zachary Taylor, giving Taylor control of N Mexico … English World dictionary
Battle of Buena Vista — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Buena Vista caption= Battle of Buena Vista by Carl Nebel. partof=Mexican American War date=February 22 23, 1847 place=Buena Vista, Coahuila result=Both sides claimed victory combatant1=Mexico… … Wikipedia
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Buena Vista — noun a pitched battle in the Mexican War in 1847; United States forces under Zachary Taylor defeated the Mexican forces under Santa Anna at a locality in northern Mexico • Regions: ↑Mexico, ↑United Mexican States • Instance Hypernyms: ↑pitched… … Useful english dictionary
Buena Vista — /bwe nah vees tah/ a village in NE Mexico, near Saltillo: American victory in battle (1847) during the Mexican War. * * * … Universalium
Buena Vista — n. place in north Mexico where the American forces led by Zachary Taylor defeated the Mexican forces in battle during the Mexican War in 1847; village in Saskatchewan (Canada); name of several places in the United States … English contemporary dictionary
Buena Vista — Bue′na Vis′ta [[t]ˈbweɪ nə ˈvɪs tə, ˈvis [/t]] n. amh. a village in NE Mexico, near Saltillo: site of U.S. victory in battle (1847) during the Mexican War … From formal English to slang