Brunel, Sir Marc (Isambard)

born April 25, 1769, Hacqueville, France
died Dec. 12, 1849, London, Eng.

French-born British engineer and inventor.

He perfected a method for making ships' blocks (pulleys) by mechanical means rather than by hand; the system of 43 machines, run by 10 men, produced blocks superior in quality and consistency to those previously handmade by more than 100 men. This installation was an early example of completely mechanized production (see mechanization). In 1818 he patented the tunneling shield, a device that made safe tunneling through water-bearing strata possible. In 1825 operations began for building the Brunel-designed tunnel under the River Thames, an unprecedented feat completed in 1842. He was the father of I.K. Brunel.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Brunel, Sir Marc Isambard — SUBJECT AREA: Civil engineering, Mining and extraction technology, Ports and shipping [br] b. 26 April 1769 Hacqueville, Normandy, France d. 12 December 1849 London, England [br] French (naturalized American) engineer of the first Thames Tunnel.… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Brunel, Sir Marc Isambard — ▪ French British engineer born April 25, 1769, Hacqueville, France died Dec. 12, 1849, London, Eng.  French émigré engineer and inventor who solved the historic problem of underwater tunneling (tunnels and underground excavations).       In 1793 …   Universalium

  • Brunel, Sir Marc (Isambard) — (25 abr. 1769, Hacqueville, Francia–12 dic. 1849, Londres, Inglaterra). Ingeniero e inventor británico de origen francés. Perfeccionó un método para hacer las poleas de los motones de los barcos por medios mecánicos en vez de manuales; el sistema …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Marc Isambard Brunel — Sir Marc Isambard Brunel, by James Northcote Born Marc Isambard Brunel April 25, 1769(1769 04 25) …   Wikipedia

  • Marc Isambard Brunel — Sir Marc Isambard Brunel (* 25. April 1769 in Hacqueville, Normandie (heute im Département Eure); † 12. Dezember 1849 in London) war ein französisch britischer Ingenieur, Architekt und Erfinder. Er erbaute den ers …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marc Brunel — Marc Isambard Brunel Sir Marc Isambard Brunel (* 25. April 1769 in Hacqueville, Normandie (heute im Département Eure); † 12. Dezember 1849 in London) war ein französisch britischer Ingenieur, Architekt und Erfinder. Er erbaute den ersten Tunnel… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marc — Marc, Franz * * * (as used in expressions) Beliveau, Jean (Marc A.) Blitzstein, Marc Bloch, Marc (Léopold Benjamin) Brunel, Sir Marc (Isambard) Chagall, Marc Charpentier, Marc Antoine Marc, Franz Mitscher, Marc A(ndrew) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Brunel, Isambard Kingdom — born April 9, 1806, Portsmouth, Hampshire, Eng. died Sept. 15, 1859, London British civil and mechanical engineer. He was the son of Marc Brunel. His introduction of the broad gauge railway, with rails 7 ft (2 m) apart, made possible high speeds… …   Universalium

  • sir — /serr/, n. 1. a respectful or formal term of address used to a man: No, sir. 2. (cap.) the distinctive title of a knight or baronet: Sir Walter Scott. 3. (cap.) a title of respect for some notable personage of ancient times: Sir Pandarus of Troy …   Universalium

  • sir — (Voz inglesa.) ► sustantivo masculino Tratamiento honorífico empleado por los británicos. * * * sir (ingl.; pronunc. [ser]) m. *Tratamiento de respeto usado en Inglaterra delante de un nombre de hombre o para dirigirse a la persona de que se… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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