Brentano, Clemens

born Sept. 9, 1778, Ehrenbreitstein, near Koblenz
died July 28, 1842, Aschaffenburg, Bavaria

German poet, novelist, and dramatist.

He was one of the founders of the Heidelberg Romantic school, which emphasized German folklore and history. With his brother-in-law Achim von Arnim (1781–1831), he published Des Knaben Wunderhorn (1805–08; The Youth's Magic Horn), a collection of German folk lyrics (including successful imitations of folk style) that became an important inspiration to lyric poets and composers such as Gustav Mahler. Among his most successful works are his fairy tales, particularly Gockel, Hinkel and Gackeleia (1838).

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▪ German author
born Sept. 9, 1778, Ehrenbreitstein, near Koblenz [Germany]
died July 28, 1842, Aschaffenburg, Bavaria
 poet, novelist, and dramatist, one of the founders of the Heidelberg Romantic (Heidelberg Romantics) school, the second phase of German Romanticism, which emphasized German folklore and history.

      Brentano's mother, Maximiliane Brentano, was J.W. von Goethe (Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von)'s friend in 1772–74, and Brentano's sister, Bettina von Arnim (Arnim, Bettina von), was a correspondent of Goethe's. As a student in Jena, Brentano became acquainted with Friedrich von Schlegel (Schlegel, Friedrich von) and Ludwig Tieck (Tieck, Ludwig), the leaders of Jena Romanticism, the first phase of German Romanticism. Giving up his studies, Brentano traveled throughout Germany. Settling temporarily in Heidelberg, he met Achim von Arnim (Arnim, Achim von), with whom he published the collection of German folk songs Des Knaben Wunderhorn (Knaben Wunderhorn, Des) (1805–08), which became an important inspiration to later German lyric poets.

      Among Brentano's most successful works are his fairy tales, particularly Gockel, Hinkel and Gackeleia (1838). His novella Geschichte vom braven Kasperl und dem schönen Annerl (1817; The Story of the Just Casper and Fair Annie) displays themes from German folklore within a fantasy atmosphere. His other major works include the dramas Ponce de Leon (1801) and Die Gründung Prags (1815; “The Foundation of Prague”) and the novel Godwi (1801), which forms an important link between the older and the newer forms of Romanticism.

      Brentano was known for his imagination and the extraordinarily musical quality of his lyric poetry. His personal life, too, reflected the atmosphere associated with the German Romantics. Emotionally unstable and given to extremes of character and mood, he led a troubled and unsettled life. In 1817 he suffered a severe depression and turned to Roman Catholic mysticism, spending six years in a monastery.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Brentano, Clemens — (9 sep. 1778, Ehrenbreitstein, cerca de Coblenza–28 jul. 1842, Aschaffenburg, Baviera). Poeta, novelista y dramaturgo alemán. Fue uno de los fundadores de la escuela romántica de Heidelberg, que daba una importancia especial a la historia y el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • BRENTANO, CLEMENS —    poet of the romanticist school, born at Frankfort on the Main, brother of Goethe s Bettina von Arnim; was a roving genius (1778 1849) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Clemens Brentano — Picture from Meyer s Encyclopedia, 1906 Born 9 September 1778(1778 09 09) Ehrenbreitstein near Koblenz (today Koblenz Ehrenbreitstein), Germany …   Wikipedia

  • Brentano — Brentano, Franz * * * (as used in expressions) Elisabeth Katharina Ludovica Magdalena Brentano Brentano, Clemens Brentano, Franz (Clemens) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Brentano — (Clemens) (1778 1842) poète et romancier romantique allemand: Godwin ou la Statue de la mère (1801 1802), le Cor merveilleux de l enfant, recueil de Volkslieder (chants populaires) (1806 1808, avec A. von Arnim), etc. Brentano (Franz) (1838 1917) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Brentano [1] — Brentano, Clemens, geb. 1777 zu Frankfurt a. M., Bettinas Bruder, studirte zu Jena u. lebte als Privatmann zu Jena. Frankfurt, Heidelberg, Wien, Rom etc., seit 1818 im Kloster Dülmen im Münsterschen, zuletzt in Regensburg und München. st. zu… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Clemens Brentano — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Brentano. Clemens Brentano Nom de naissance Clemens …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Clemens Brentano — Clemente Brentano. Clemens Maria Brentano, poeta y novelista del Romanticismo alemán (Ehrembreiststein, 9 de octubre de 1788 – Aschaffenburg, 28 de julio de 1842). Era hijo del comerciante de Frankfurt Antonio Pedro Brentano, originario de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Clemens — /klem euhnz/, n. Samuel Langhorne /lang hawrn, euhrn/, ( Mark Twain ), 1835 1910, U.S. author and humorist. * * * (as used in expressions) Brentano Clemens Brentano Franz Clemens Clemens William Roger Titus Flavius Clemens Pirquet Clemens baron… …   Universalium

  • Clemens — (as used in expressions) Brentano, Clemens Brentano, Franz (Clemens) Clemens, (William) Roger Titus Flavius Clemens Pirquet, Clemens, barón de Samuel Langhorne Clemens …   Enciclopedia Universal

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